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20 terms

Psychology Chapter 9-2 Practice Quiz

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Explicit memory is to long term memory as iconic memory is to _____ memory
Sensory
Echoic memory refers to
A momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli
Peterson and Peterson demonstrated that unrehearsed short term memories for three constants almost completely decay in as short of a time as
12 second
The magical number 7 plus or minus two refers to the storage capacity of
Short term memory
Which type of memory has an essentially unlimited storage capacity
long term memory
Research by Kandel and Shwartz on sea snails indicates that memory formation is associated with
the release of certain neurotransmitters
Long term potentation is a
Neural basis for memoryy
Which substance is most likely to facilitate the formation of new memories
Epinephrine, a physically and emotionally arousing hormone
Memory of facts is to ___ as memory of skills is to ___
Explicit memory; implicit memory
The Hippocampus plays a critical role in ___ memory
Explicit
An understanding of the different brain circuit involved in implicit and explicit memory is most helpful for explaining
infantile amnesia
When an eyewitness to an auto accident is asked to describe what happened which test of memory is being utilized
recall
Which memory test would most effectively reveal that Mr. Quintano at age 55, still remembers many of his high school class mates
recognition
Words, events, places, and emotions that trigger our memory of the past are called
retrieval cues
memories are primed by
retrieval cues
Hearing the word rabbit may lead people to spell the spoken word "hair" as "h a r e" this best illustrates the process of
priming
Deja vu refers to
Eerie sense of having previously experienced a situation
Negative associations primed by distressing emotions most clearly illustrate
mood congruent memory
The inability to recall the numbers on a telephone dial that are not accompanied by letters is most likely due to
encoding failure
Which of the following substances is most likely to impair the formation of long term memories
alcohol