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fair employment commission

thurgood marshall

lead the NAACP

brown v. board of education

court ruling that said public schools need to be integrated

judge earl warren

chief justice for brown v. board of edu case

southern manifesto

signatured of 101 southern reps to defy brown v. board of edu ruling


little rock govenor who tried to stop integration of schools

commission for civil rights

created by eisenhower and lyndon b johnson as a permanent group for civil rights

rosa parks

AA who refused to give up her seat on the bus, arrested, started montgomery bus boycott with help of martin luther king jr.


group lead by Martin Luther King Jr. to lead crusade against segregation. marched in washington to demand right to vote.

joann robinson

AA who created the woman's political caucus

bayard rusting and ella baker

two AA who also advanced civil rights


AA student nonviolence committee

robert kennedy

president's brother, expanded civil rights, usually a belated reaction

robert weaver

AA who lead fed housing agency

thurgood marshall

AA who lead US circuit court


sponsored freedom ride in AL, mob, eventually ICC banned train segregation

james meredith

AA who wanted to go to MI school, kennedy helped him do so

eugene connor

police commissioner who tried to stop king

earl warren

lead civil rights rulings in court

baker v. carr

court ruling that TN had to rearrange seats so memphis would be equally represented

john birch society

demanded impeachment of earl warren

engel v. vitale

court ruling that banned school prayer

douglas, black, brennan

pro-civil rights judges

harlan, frankfurter

anti-civil rights judges

black panthers

AA political party that was ok with agressive and militant resistance

black power

a call to African Americans to unite, to recognize thier heritage, build a sense of community, define own goals, etc. malcom X first used it


First civil rights organization to use non-violent tactics to promote racial equality and desegregation

emmett till

brutally killed AA teenager for talking to a white woman

malcolm x

was an advocate of black power and was the figurehead of the Nation of Islam for some time. He was greatly influential in getting people to believe in black power and self-defense, as opposed to King's peace.

plessy v. ferguson

court ruling that separate but equal was ok


beginning of one of king's marches. huge mob and they were brutally attacked

george wallace

governor of AL who was a segregationist

project c

used children for marches since they didn't have jobs or families to worry about when arrested

jimmy lee jackson

AA boy shot in the back after trying to protect his mother from an attack

bloody sunday

day marchers were beat at selma

lyndon b johnson

president who best enhanced civil rights

voting rights act

1965 act that banned literacy tests and provided federal registrars

stokely carmichael

sncc new leader who advocated black power. H. Rap Brown replaced him and was even more forceful.

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