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28 terms

Rhetorical Devices

STUDY
PLAY
Trope
Artful diction; the use of language in a nonliteral way; also called a figure of speech.
Metaphor
Implies a comparison between two things
Simile
A figure of speech that uses like or as to compare two things
Analogy
Compares two things, often point by point, to show similarity; to argue that if two things are alike in one way they are probably alike in other ways as well
Signifying
The speaker cleverly and often humorously needles the listener
Hyperbole
The use of overstatement for special effect
Understatement
Requires a quiet, muted message to make its point effectively
Rhetorical questions
Questions that don't require answers
Antonomasia
Substitutions of a descriptive word or phrase for a proper name
Irony
The use of words to convey a meaning in tension with or opposite to their literal meanings
Scheme
A special arrangement of words
Parallelism
Involves the use of grammatically similar phrases or arguments
Antithesis
The use of parallel structures to show opposition or contrast
Inverted word order
The parts of a sentence or clause are not in the usual subject-verb-object order
Anaphora
Effective repetition
Reversed structures
Using the first part of the sentence or paragraph to shape the second part.
Your manuscript is both good and original. But the part that is good is not original, and the part that is original is not good.
Reversed structure
Chicago's the place were organized Black history was born, where gospel music was born, where jazz and the blues were reborn, where the Beatles and the Rolling Stones went up to the mountaintop to get the new musical commandements from Chuck Berry and the rock'n'roll apostles.
Anaphora
Hard to see, the dark side is.
Inverted word order
That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.
Antithesis
Current government programs don't protect poor people very well against the cost of becoming sick. They do much better at protecting sick people against the risk of becoming poor.
Parallelism
His Airness; The Great One; The Sultan of Swat
Antonomasia
Why me? How should I know?
Rhetorical question
Martin Luther King, Jr., was a "true leader"
Understatement
I take it you've discovered who started the riot.
We knew who he was all along.
It's just nothing we can do to him.
Why not, for God's sake?
He's dead.
Who?
Lincoln.
He hadn't ought to have freed us if he didn't want to make provisions to feed us. Anyone could have told him that.
Signifying
Obama is: JFK in 1960
He appeals to new generation; first memeber of long-discriminated group to win; glamorous wife; support of Ted and Caroline Kennedy.
Analogy
Taking in my opponent's performances is a little like watching a big summer blockbuster.
Simile
Life is a journey, purposes are destinations, means are routes, difficulties are obstacles, counselors are guides, achievements are landmarks, choices are crossroads
Metaphor