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Terms in this set (20)
5 socio-political forces that influenced development of comm psych
1. interest in preventive perspectives
2. reforms in mental health systems
3. developments in group dynamics, research, and action
4. movements for social change and liberation context
5. optimism about social change efforts
4 central questions/points at the core of the comm psych research
• what values and assumptions do community psychologists bring to their work
• how can community participation and collaboration be promoted in research
• what are the cultural and social contexts of the research
• which ecological levels will be the focus of the research
Qualitative research def. and when/how is it most useful?
a readily available and mutually supportive network of relationships on which one could depend
various dimensions and characteristic that shape the socialcultural experiences between people--- gender, identity, social orientation
2 major ways comm. psych is distinct from other areas of psychology
• Focuses on community contexts of behavior
• interested in effective ways to prevent problems rather than treat them after they arise.
• promotes healthy functioning for all members of a community rather than intervening when problems develop for a few of those members.
Top-down approaches are designed by professionals, community
leaders, or similar elites.
Professional mental health care represents a top-down approach;
Centralizing decisions in city hall offices
Relying only on psychologists or other professionals to
design a program to prevent drug abuse
Yet outside resources (funding, expertise) are often easier to acquire with a top-down approach
Bottom-up approaches originate at the"grassroots"—among citizens rather
than among professionals or the powerful.
groups tend to use a bottom-up approach
enabling neighborhood associations to make local decisions
in making decisions about that program
Values of social justice, empowerment, citizen
participation, collaboration, and community strengths are linked to bottom-up approaches.
4 levels of ecological model
7 core values of comm psych
individual and family wellness
sense of community
respect for human diversity
empowerment and citizen participation
collaboration and community strengths
roles of collaboration/partnership and social change in comm psych
collaborate a partnership then we can ensure that that there is interdependence, and when that happens there is a shift in power dynamic
• curiosity about other cultures
• general respect for the strengths of a cultural tradition
• willingness to address difference of privilege and oppression
• Knowledge of the history of a community's concerns, challenges, and social change efforts
sense of community
emotional relationships people have with the groups or organizations with which they are connected or affiliated
• Quality of these affective relationships has important implications for people's well-being and happiness
environments w/ personal interaction
larger than microsystems
a. Formal structure: title, mission, bylaws, or policies, meeting or work times, supervisory relationships, etc.
governments, local economies, media, systems of social, educational and health services, and other institutions that influence individual quality of life
largest level of analysis in our system.
a. Includes societies, cultures, political parties, social movements, corporations, international labor unions, multiple levels of government, international institutions, broad economic and social forces, belief systems.
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