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Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra 1547-1616

1st modern european novel

Don Quixote

Jane Austen 1775-1817

novels of manners and middle class English society

Sense and Sensibility
Pride and Prejudice

Lord George Gordon Byron 1788-1824

Romantic movement; Byronic hero

Don Juan
classic poetry

Mary Shelley 1797-1851

Romantic novelist
sister to Percy Shelley

The Last Man

Emily Bronte 1818-1848

Victorian novelist

Wuthering Heights

Charlotte Bronte 1816-1855

Victorian novelist

Jane Eyre

Joseph Conrad 1857-1924

English post-colonial novelist

Lord Jim
Heart of Darkness

V S Naipaul 1932-

English post-colonial novelist

Enigma of Arrival
House for Mr. Biswas

Oscar Wilde 1854-1900

English novelist, dramatist and social critic
The Importance of Being Earnest
Picture of Dorian Gray

Charles Dickens 1812-1870

English novelist
Great Expectations
Oliver Twist

D H Lawrence 1885-1930

English novelist
Lady Chatterley's Lover
The Rainbow

Nathaniel Hawthorne 1804-1864

American transcendentalist
The Scarlet Letter
House of the Seven Gables
Rappaccini's Daughter

Herman Melville 1819-1891

American transcendentalist
Moby Dick
Billy Bud

Aleksandr Isayevitch Solzhenitsyn 1918-2008

Russian novelist and social critic
The Gulag Archipelago

Vladimir Nabokov 1899-1977

Russian novelist
Invitation to a Beheading

Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy 1828-1910

Russian novelist
War and Peace
Anna Karenina

Fyodor Dostoyevsky 1821-1881

Russian novelist
Crime and Punishment
Notes from the Underground

George Eliot (Mary Ann or Marian Evans) 1819-1880

English author
Daniel Deronda
Mill on the Floss

Gustave Flaubert 1821-1880

French novelist
Madame Bovary

Franz Kafka 1883-1924

Existentialist novelist
The Metamorphosis
The Castle

Harriet Beecher Stowe 1811-1896

American novelist
abolitionist movement
Uncle Tom's Cabin

Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens) 1835-1910

American novelist, essayist and satrist
Tom Sawyer
Huckleberry Finn

William Faulkner 1897-1962

American author (southern)
The Sound and the Fury
Absalom! Absalom!

Ernest Hemingway 1899-1961

lean prose
masculine themes and characters
A Farewell to Arms
The Old Man and the Sea

James Joyce 1882-1941

Irish novelist
Portrait of an Artist as a Young Man

Sinclair Lewis 1885-1951

American novelist and social critic
Elmer Gantry

Henry Miller 1891-1980

American novelist
The Tropic of Cancer
The Tropic of Capricorn

Upton Sinclair 1878-1968

American novelist and social critic
The Jungle

Gertrude Stein 1874-1946

American modernist author
3 Lives

Virginia Woolf 1882-1941

Modernist novelist and feminist
A Room of One's Own
To the Lighthouse

Alice Walker 1944-

American novelist
The Color Purple
Possessing the Secrets of Joy

John Steinbeck 1902-1968

American novelist
life of the American worker
Grapes of Wrath
Cannery Row

J D Salinger 1919-2010

American writer (reclusive)
Catcher in the Rye
Franny and Zooey

Thomas Pynchon 1937-

American novelist (reclusive)
Gravity's Rainbow
The Crying of Lot 49

Toni Morrison 1931-

American novelist
The Bluest Eye
Song of Solomon

Harper Lee 1926-

American writer
To Kill A Mockingbird

Zora Neale Hurston 1901-1960

American novelist and folklorist
Their Eyes Were Watching God
Tell My Horse

Nadine Gordimer 1923-

South African novelist
A Sport of Nature

William Burroughs

Naked Lunch

Diane Di Prima

Memiors of a Beatnik

John Updike

The Witches of Eastwick

Joseph Heller


Washington Irving

The History of New York

Ken Kesey

One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest

Anton Chekhov

The Three Sisters

Victor Hugo

Les Miserables

James Baldwin 1924-1987

American poet and novelist
The Fire Next Time

Sylvia Plath 1932-1963

American poet and novelist
The Bell Jar

Jack Kerouac 1922-1969

American Beat poet and novelist
Dharma Bums
On the Road

Ovid (Publius Ovidius Naso) 43-18 BCE

Erotic verse
Love's Remedy

Sappho c. 612 BCE

Greek poetry
Verse fragments

Virgil (Publius Vegiluis Maro) 70-19 BCE

Pastoral poem
civic virtue
The Aeneid

Dante Alighieri 1265-1321

Modern European literature
"terza rima"-rhyme in threes
The Inferno
Divine Comedy

Francesco Petrarch 1304-1374

love poetry
The Canzoniere

John Milton 1608-1674

Puritan poet
allegorical religious epics
Paradise Lost
Paradise Regained

Jean Racine 1639-1699

Lyric poetry based on Greek and Roman literature
Bernice and Phaedre

Alexander Pope 1688-1744

The Rape of the Lock
The Dunciad

William Blake 1757-1827

Poet/Visual artist
Neoclassical convention
Songs of the Innocence
Songs of Experience

William Wordsworth 1770-1850

English romantic poet
nature poetry
The Prelude
Lyrical Ballads
Poems Chiefly of Early and Late Years

Percy Bysshe Shelley 1792-1822

Romantic poet
Metaphor and Metrical form
brother to Mary Shelley

John Keats 1795-1821

Romantic poet
On a Grecian Urn

Charles Baudelaire 1821-1867

French symbolist poet
Flowers of Evil (Les Fleurs du Mal)

Robert Browning 1812-1889

English poet
married to Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Bells and Pomegranates

Elizabeth Barrett Browning 1806-1861

English poet
married to Robert Browning
Aurora Leigh
Sonnets from the Portuguese

Emily Dickinson 1830-1886

American poet
Because I Could Not Stop For Death

Christina 1830-1894

English poet
Goblin Market

Edgar Allan Poe 1809-1849

American transcendentalist
Fall of the House of Usher
The Tell-Tale Heart
The Raven
The Purloined Letter

Walt Whitman 1819-1892

American poet
Leaves of Grass
Song of Myself

e.e. cummings 1894-1962

Non-traditional forms of poetry
Tulips and Chimneys

Robert Frost 1874-1963

American poet
The Road Not Taken

Ezra Pound 1885-1972

American poet
The Cantos

Adrienne Rich 1929-

American Poet
Aunt Jennifer's Tigers

Langston Hughes 1902-1967

Harlem Renaissance poet
Collected Works

Allen Ginsberg 1926-1997

American Beat poet

Elizabeth Bishop 1911-1979

American poet
Collected Works

Ralph Waldo Emerson


William Butler Yeats 1865-1939

Irish poet/dramatist
The Wind Among the Reeds
The Winding Stairs
Sailing To Byzantium

T. S. Eliot 1564-1965

Christian poet/theorist/playwright/critic
The Waste Land

William Shakespeare 1564-1616

English poet/dramatist
Hamlet Romeo and Juliet Julius Caesar
King Lear Twelfth Night Much Ado About Nothing
Macbeth Richard III Sonnets

Joseph Addison 1672-1719

The Tattler
The Spectator

Aeschylus 525-456 BCE

originator of Greek drama
2nd speaking character
Eumenides Oresteia
Prometheus Chophori

Aristophanes 450-385 BCE

father of Greek comedy
The Clouds
The Birds

Sophocles 496-406 BCE

3rd speaking character
Oedipus Rex
Oedipus Tyrannus

Christopher Marlow 1564-1593

author of the first historical drama and English tragedy
Edward the Second
The Tragedy of Doctor Faustus

Ben Jonson 1573-1637

English playwright
Every Man in His Humor

Moliere (Jean Baptiste Poquelin) 1622-1673

French playwright
introduced everyday speech to theatre
Dom Juan
The Misanthrope

George Bernard Shaw 1856-1950

Irish born/British author/playwright
Arms and the Man
Saint Joan

Eugene O'Neill 1888-1953

American dramatist
Anna Christie
The Hairy Ape

Henrik Ibsen 1828-1906

Norwegian playwright
Expressionist movement
A Doll's House

Arthur Miller 1915-2005

American playwright
Death of a Salesman
The Crucible

Samuel Beckett 1906-1989

Irish born/French playwright/novelist
Waiting for Godot
Happy Days

Tennessee Williams 1911-1983

American playwright
A Streetcar Named Desire
The Glass Menagerie

Sir Tom Stoppard 1937

Czech born/British playwright
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead

Thornton Wilder

Our Town

Euripides 485-405 BCE

technique of "deus ex machina"
The Trojan Women
The Bacchae

Homer c. 9th century BCE

1st works of Western literature

Giovanni Boccaccio 1313-1375

introduced the use of vernacular
The Decameron

Geoffrey Chaucer 1340-1400

brought literature to the middle class
The Canterbury Tales

Nicolo Machiavelli 1469-1527

The Prince
La Madrigola

Francois Rabelais 1494-1553

Satiric narrative

Francis Bacon 1561-1626

philosophical writings
The New Atlantis

Edmund Spenser 1552-1599

The Faerie Queen

John Dryden 1631-1700

heroic couplet
Alexander's Feast
Heroic Stanzas

Voltaire (Francois-Marie Arouet) 1694-1778

French/English critical theory

Jonathan Swift 1667-1745

Direct style, critical wit
Gulliver's Travels
Tale of a Tub

Benjamin Franklin 1706-1790

Scientist, Educator, Abolitionist, Philosopher, Economist, Political Theorist and Statesman
Poor Richard's Almanac
Observations on the Increase of Mankind
Numerous essays and state papers

Samuel Taylor Coleridge 1772-1834

Romantic critic
Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Kubla Khan
Lyrical Ballads

Henry David Thoreau 1818-1848

American transcendentalist/social theorist
Civil Disobedience

Salman Rushdie 1947-

death sentence (fatwa) placed on him by Ayatollah Khomeni
The Satanic Verses

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