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had a march on Philadelphia in 1764, protesting Quaker tolerance of Indians; the Scots-Irish had a large role in this group
movement in North Carolina that was an insurrection against eastern domination of colony's affairs; spearheaded by Scots-Irish; many who participated in this later joined American revolutionaries (including presidents, ex. Andrew Jackson)
made up 7% of colonies' population; Scot Lowlanders who had been transplanted to Catholic Ireland where they were resented (they were Presbyterian); restrictions from England on production of wool (economically depressed); came to Pennsylvania but were pushed out to the frontier; poor relations with Indians and British government; spearheaded March of Paxton Boys and Regulator Movement
Michel-Guillaume de Crevecoeur
French settler who saw in America a mixture of blood and the creation of a new man
products from America for African slaves, African slaves for West Indies goods, West Indies goods made into American products
ex. tar, pitch, rosin, turpentine; valued from colonies for Britain to regain mastery of seas
act passed by Parliament (in 1773) to stop colonial trade with French West Indies; led to bribing and smuggling
religious revival in the colonies in the 1730s and 1740s; first movement to begin in colonies and influence Europe (instead of vice versa)
English parson who continued Great Awakening, who was a very good speaker; preached message of human helplessness and divine omnipotence; other preachers soon copied his electrifying style
a litereary light in the colonies; known for Poor Richard's Almanack which had sayings on common sense; was only first-rank scientist in colonies (conducted kite experiment and invented bifocals)
John Peter Zenger
1734-1735; newspaper printer in New York who was charged for libel on the royal governor; his lawyer (Andrew Hamilton) argued that he printed the truth but the royal chief justice disagreed; jurors proclaimed him not guilty; his case promoted liberty and freedom of the press and defined libel, freed newspapers to print responsible criticisms of officials
pastor who ignited Great Awakening in Northampton, Mass.; told people to depend on God, not good works for salvation
(1753-1784); a slave girl brought to Boston at age eight and never formally educated; she was taken to England when, at twenty years of age, she published a book of verse and later wrote other polished poems that revealed the influence of Alexander Pope
Charles Wilson Peale
(1741-1827); though best known for his portraits of George Washington, he also ran a museum, stuffed birds, and practiced dentistry
"laboratories of democracy"
colonial rule by king, proprietor, or popular vote; two-house legislative body with upper house chosen by aforementioned power and lower house elected by the people; colonial assemblies; tolerance, educational advantages, economic opportunity, freedom (of speech, press, and assembly), and representative government
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