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17 terms

AP U.S. History- Chapter 5 Vocab

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Paxton Boys
had a march on Philadelphia in 1764, protesting Quaker tolerance of Indians; the Scots-Irish had a large role in this group
Regulator Movement
movement in North Carolina that was an insurrection against eastern domination of colony's affairs; spearheaded by Scots-Irish; many who participated in this later joined American revolutionaries (including presidents, ex. Andrew Jackson)
Scots-Irish
made up 7% of colonies' population; Scot Lowlanders who had been transplanted to Catholic Ireland where they were resented (they were Presbyterian); restrictions from England on production of wool (economically depressed); came to Pennsylvania but were pushed out to the frontier; poor relations with Indians and British government; spearheaded March of Paxton Boys and Regulator Movement
Michel-Guillaume de Crevecoeur
French settler who saw in America a mixture of blood and the creation of a new man
triangular trade
products from America for African slaves, African slaves for West Indies goods, West Indies goods made into American products
naval stores
ex. tar, pitch, rosin, turpentine; valued from colonies for Britain to regain mastery of seas
Molasses Act
act passed by Parliament (in 1773) to stop colonial trade with French West Indies; led to bribing and smuggling
Great Awakening
religious revival in the colonies in the 1730s and 1740s; first movement to begin in colonies and influence Europe (instead of vice versa)
"old lights"
Orthodox clergymen who were skeptical of the Great Awakening
"new lights"
ministers who defended the Great Awakening for revitalizing religion
George Whitefield
English parson who continued Great Awakening, who was a very good speaker; preached message of human helplessness and divine omnipotence; other preachers soon copied his electrifying style
Benjamin Franklin
a litereary light in the colonies; known for Poor Richard's Almanack which had sayings on common sense; was only first-rank scientist in colonies (conducted kite experiment and invented bifocals)
John Peter Zenger
1734-1735; newspaper printer in New York who was charged for libel on the royal governor; his lawyer (Andrew Hamilton) argued that he printed the truth but the royal chief justice disagreed; jurors proclaimed him not guilty; his case promoted liberty and freedom of the press and defined libel, freed newspapers to print responsible criticisms of officials
Johnathan Edwards
pastor who ignited Great Awakening in Northampton, Mass.; told people to depend on God, not good works for salvation
Phyllis Wheatley
(1753-1784); a slave girl brought to Boston at age eight and never formally educated; she was taken to England when, at twenty years of age, she published a book of verse and later wrote other polished poems that revealed the influence of Alexander Pope
Charles Wilson Peale
(1741-1827); though best known for his portraits of George Washington, he also ran a museum, stuffed birds, and practiced dentistry
"laboratories of democracy"
colonial rule by king, proprietor, or popular vote; two-house legislative body with upper house chosen by aforementioned power and lower house elected by the people; colonial assemblies; tolerance, educational advantages, economic opportunity, freedom (of speech, press, and assembly), and representative government