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41 terms

Unit 6: Religion

STUDY
PLAY
Animism
The doctrine that all natural objects and the universe itself have souls
Buddhism
A world religion or philosophy, based on Hinduism and the teaching of the Buddha, holding that a state of enlightenment can be attained by suppressing worldly desire
Cargo Cult pilgrimage
Cargo Cult's believe western goods have been traded to them by ancestral spirits. It takes place in Melanesia
Christianity
A monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
Confucianism
The system of ethics, education, and statesmanship taught by Confucius and his disciples, stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents, and harmony in thought and conduct.
Ethnic Religion
A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.
Exclave
a part of a country that is seperated from the rest of the country and surrounded by foreign territory. (Ex: The part of Russia in Europe)
Enclave
an enclosed territory that is culturally distinct from the foreign territory that surrounds it
Fundamentalism
Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect).
Geomancy (Feng Shui)
..., The Chinese art and science of the placement and orientation of tombs, dwellings, buildings, and cities. Structures and objects are positioned in an effect to channel flows of sheng-chi in a favorable way.
Hadj
the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah
Hinduism
a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being of many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth.
Interfaith boundaries
the boundaries between the world's major faiths
Islam
the monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
Jainism
a religion that branched off from Hinduism and was founded by Mahavira; its belief is that everything has a soul, and its purpose was to cleanse the soul. Some were extreme aesthetics.
Judaism
A religion with a belief in one god. It originated with Abraham and the Hebrew people. Yahweh was responsible for the world and everything within it. They preserved their early history in the Old Testament.
Landscapes of the dead
The certain areas where people have commonly been buried
Monotheism
Belief in a single God
Polytheism
belief in multiple Gods
Mormonism
Founded by Joseph Smith, who claimed he was visited by God, and in 1830 he published a document called The Book of Mormon. He said it was a translation of a set of gold tablets he had found in the hills of New York, revealed to him by an angel of God.
Muslim pilgrimage
If physically and financially able, a Muslim makes a pilgrimage to Makkah. (Mecca) They usually make the trip around Ramadan. This pilgrimage is also referred to as Hajj. It is important because Islam is one of the most popular religions practiced around the world.
Muslim population
1.3 billion people, predominant religion in the Middle East, half of all muslims live in Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and India
Proselytic Religion
A religion that actively seeks converts an has the goal of converting humankind (Universalizing Religion)
Reincarnation
the Hindu or Buddhist doctrine that person may be reborn successively into one of five classes of living beings (god or human or animal or hungry ghost or denizen of hell) depending on the person's own actions
Religion (groups)
groups of religions such as universalizing religions (Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism) or ethnic religions
Religion (places)
One group is universalizing religions. These are Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism. All of these have different branches. There's also ethnic religions, such as, Hinduism, Daoism, and Confucianism. These religions are spread out throughout the world.
Religious architectural styles
These are the styles of architecture created by the religions. For example, Christians have always made temples, and Buddhists have always made a lot of religious statues. This is important to human geography because these styles affected most of the future styles for other civilizations.
Religious Conflict
this is the conflicts between religions. One of these is Israel-Palestine. This consists of Roman Takeovers, Muslim conquests, and the crusades.
Religious Culture Hearth
This is where most religions are born. Most major religions have come from the Middle East near Israel, but a few have come from India too. This is important to human geography because where religions are created, civilizations are too.
Religious Toponym
This refers to the origin and meaning of the names of religions.
Sacred Space
place or space people infuse with religious meaning; Ex) Jerusalem - Christianity (Church of the Holy Sepulchre), Judaism (Western Wall), and Islam (Dome of the Rock); Catholicism - The Vatican; Islam - Mecca, Medina; Hinduism - Varanasi & The Ganges River
Secularism
a doctrine that rejects religion and religious considerations
Shamanism
an animistic religion of northern Asia having the belief that the mediation between the visible and the spirit worlds is effected by shamans
Sharia Law
the code of law derived from the Koran and from the teachings and example of Mohammed
Shintoism
the ancient indigenous religion of Japan lacking formal dogma, focused on reverence of ancestors and nature
Sikhism
the doctrines of a monotheistic religion founded in northern India in the 16th century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam
Sunni/Shia
The political and theological division within Islam.Sunnis supported Umayyads, and Shia supported Ali
Taoism
philosophical system developed by of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events
Theocracy
the belief in government by divine guidance
Universalizing
A religion that attempts to appeal to all people not just those living in a particular location
Zoroastrianism
dual gods of equal power to form early monotheism; Persian; cosmic struggle over good and bad; those that do good go to heaven and bad go to hell; influenced Judaism and Christianity