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POLS 1100 Quiz 16
Terms in this set (25)
WHO established (and reaffirmed) the governmental precedent that a general -- or any other military leader serving in the United States armed forces -- must resign his or her position and assume civilian status in order to be qualified to campaign for the office of President?
After three decades of harassment on the high seas, the United States Congress and President acted to empower its foreign and defense policy by initiating a second war of independence -- known more commonly as WHAT?
The War of 1812
WHICH United States foreign policy action (implemented in the years 1940-1941) helped the government and people of Great Britain when it "stood alone" against daily air attacks by Nazi Germany planes and rockets?
HOW has United States foreign and defense policy-- specifically, the strategies and conduct of war, and related military operations -- changed since the 1961-1975 War in Vietnam?
Well-trained professional military
Women will be 20% of the U.S. military
Use of new high-tech technologies
No actual use of the "draft" (conscription)
WHICH is the only nation ever to use nuclear bombs on another nation's civilian population in time of war -- or in any other time in human history -- as part of its foreign and defense policy?
The United States emerged from an unprecedented World War II as the only "super power" nation, and also after the 46-year Cold War ended as 1992 begun, and therefore, WHICH is TRUE about the United States today?
World's #1 military power
World's #1 economic power
World's #1 technological power
World's #1 diplomatic/negotiating power
Article II of the United States Constitution gives the President considerable powers, however, Article II does NOT give the American President the legal authority to perform WHAT action?
To declare war
In the 21st century, the President of the United States is extremely powerful with regard to U.S. foreign and defense policy because he or she has one unique government responsibility -- and WHAT is that governmental role?
John Kerry was nominated by President Obama and confirmed by the U.S. Senate to serve the American people in WHAT formal office -- a position first held by Thomas Jefferson in 1789?
Secretary of State
WHICH President was never elected to public office before being elected president where he served two terms/eight years, believed in secret "covert" operations (not "overt" war), and warnied of the growing emergence of a U.S. "military-industrial complex" that was increasing the possibility of costly wars as he left the White House?
Since the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783) and all of America's declared and undeclared wars, WHAT event did NOT threaten the survival of the United States of America?
The 9/11/2001 terrorist attacks
WHICH President (a "progressive" on domestic programs) campaigned for re-election as a "peace candidate" while he was planning to address Congress and ask for a formal declaration of war against certain nations in Europe?
WHAT was a new federal department created from 22 areas that was the largest reorganization of the federal bureaucracy since the
1947 National Security Act - in response to the 2001 terrorist attacks?
The department of homeland security
WHICH President invoked his "Pre-emption Doctrine" (that is., invading a nation before that other nation might attack the United States in order to force a change in that nation's leadership) was his new foreign policy strategy?
George Walker Bush
WHICH President justified his "Operation Running Thunder" war effort on a vote by Congress to authorize the President to conduct U.S. military operations in foreign nations against non-state actors?
The 1964 Tonkin Gulf Resolution
In 1945, when World War II ended, American National Government leaders quickly realized that they had to make foreign and defense policy decisions dependent upon WHAT?
The creation of the Nuclear Age
The birth of the Computer Age
The emergence of the Cold War
The invention of the Space Age
During World War II (ten times the horror of World War I), WHO were American citizens that were suspected of being spies and a threat to the national security of the United States?
Historically, all wars are extremely costly in terms of dollars spent and lives lost or terribly injured -- and WHICH war debt experienced by the United States has NOW been totally paid?
The Civil War
Historically, during the years 1789-1941 (the first century and a half of U.S. history), United States foreign and defense policy can best be described strategically as having been primarily WHAT?
WHAT issue tormented President Lyndon Johnson for over four years -- making him severely depressed, forcing him to decide not to seek a second presidential term, and in his isolated retirement in Texas experiencing a fatal heart attack at age 64?
The War in Vietnam
WHAT below declared that the President is the "sole organ" of United States foreign policy -- that is, the ultimate sovereign decision-maker -- during a time of war, or a time of undeclared war?
U.S. v. Curtiss-Wright (1936)
WHICH United States Supreme Court case held 6-3 that the President does NOT have legal power to seize control of an industry - despite his concern for "national security" during time of war?
Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company v. Sawyer (1952)
Constitutionally, WHICH was America's last formally declared war approved by Congress, authorized in Article I of the U.S. Constitution, in American National Government history?
World War II, begun in 1941
WHICH American President supported the creation of an Interstate Highway System and the United States Space Program (NASA) as important foreign and military actions during the Cold War?
Strategically, WHAT was the United States foreign and defense policy first associated with President Harry Truman (the "Truman Doctrine" -- a foreign and defense policy followed by the next six presidents?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
POLS 1100 Quizes 1 and 2
POLS 1100 Quizes 3 and 4
POLS 1100 Quizes 5 and 6
POLS 1100 Quizes 7
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