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The course of Brahms's artistic and personal life was shaped by the influence of the composer

Robert Schumann and his wife Clara.

Brahms created masterpieces in all the traditional forms except


Critics were often scandalized by the subject matter of Verdi's operas because they

seemed to condone rape, suicide, and free love.

Which of the following operas is not by Verdi?

Cavalleria rusticana

Verdi's great comic masterpiece, written when he was seventy-nine, is


Verdi studied music in _________, the city where Italy's most important opera house, La Scala, is located.


Rigoletto, the title character in Giuseppe Verdi's opera, is

a hunchbacked court jester.

Verdi's first great success, an opera with strong political overtones, was


Verdi mainly composed his operas

to entertain a mass public.

The famous aria "La donna è mobile" is taken from Verdi's opera


The soul of a Verdi opera is

expressive vocal melody.

Verdi's later operas differ from his earlier ones in that they have

less difference between aria and recitative.
greater musical continuity.
more imaginative orchestrations.

Puccini's operas have lasting appeal because

he had a marvelous sense of theater.
his melodies have short, memorable phrases and are intensely emotional.
he minimized the difference between aria and recitative, thus creating a continuous flow of music

In La Bohème, who sings the aria "Che gelida manina" ("How cold your little hand is!")?


Puccini used melodic and rhythmic elements derived from Asian music in his operas

Madame Butterfly and Turandot.

An artistic trend of the 1890s, in which operas dealt with ordinary people and true-to-life situations, was known as


Which of the following operas was not written by Puccini?

I Pagliacci

Puccini's first successful opera was

Manon Lescaut.

La Bohème takes place in


Mimi and Rodolfo meet for the first time in La Bohème because she has come to his door to ask for a

light for her candle.

In La Bohème, Rodolfo is a young


Which of the following operas is considered an example of verismo?


The composer who had an overwhelming influence on the young Wagner was

Ludwig van Beethoven.

Wagner called his works music dramas rather than operas because

there are no breaks where applause can interrupt.

Wagner's last opera was


The librettos to The Ring of the Nibelung were written by

Wagner himself.

A short musical idea associated with a person, object, or thought, used by Wagner in his operas, is called


Valhalla, in Wagner's Ring cycle, is

the castle of the gods.

Wagner had an opera house built to his own specifications in


Wagner's first successful opera was


Which of the following operas was not composed by Wagner?


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