World War II
Terms in this set (43)
Leader of Nazi Germany
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President of the United States from 1933-1945.
Germany's third empire. The first was the Holy Roman Empire, the second was forged under Otto von Bismarck. The Third Reich refer's to the empire built by Adolph Hitler
deprived Jews of German citizenship and placed severe restrictions on them.
giving in to the demands of an aggressor in order to keep the peace.
opposition to all war
laws passed by the United States that forbade the sale of arms to any nation at war.
Germany, Italy, Japan (Berlin-Rome-Tokyo)
led a fascist revolt that led to a bloody civil war in Spain.
the union of Austria and Germany. Hitler forced this to take place in 1938.
a region of western Czechoslovakia that Germany annexed during the build up to WWII
British Prime Minister who utilized the policy of appeasement in the days prior to WWII
a nonaggression agreement between Adolph Hitler and Joseph Stalin that stated the would not be enemies if the other went to war. They also agreed to divide Poland.
Invasion of Poland
September 1st, 1939. Many historians consider this the official start of World War II as Britain and France declared war upon Germany for this action.
"lightning war" style in which the air force dropped bombs, shortly followed by a quick invasion of fast moving tanks.
German air force
Royal Air Force (British Air Force)
300,000 allied troops were taken safely across the English Channel to England. The forces were rapidly trying to escape the advancing German army.
"The Desert Fox" a German general who often defeated the British in North Africa during 1941 and 1942.
Name for Hitler's attack on the Soviet Union in an attempt to rid the continent of communism and to get the natural resources of the USSR.
Siege of Leningrad
two-and-a-half-year siege on the city. More than 1 million civilians died in the siege, yet the city never fell to the Germans.
term used to describe the Nazi actions that killed nearly 6 million Jews and potentially another 6 million others. Camps included Auschwitz and Treblinka.
Japanese attack on a U.S. naval base which led to the United States joining the war by fighting against Japan and Germany.
American General who commanded a joint British and American force in North Africa. He eventually trapped Rommel, causing the Desert Fox to surrender.
Battle of Stalingrad
Costly defeat for the Germans as they attempted to take the major Russian city during the winter. After this defeat, the Soviets would go on the offensive, pushing Germany pack.
June 6th, 1944. Allied forces from Britain, Canada, and the United States invade western France, forcing Hitler to now fight a war on two fronts.
meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin in 1945 that coordinated how the war would be ended in Europe and discussed plans for defeating Japan.
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union during World War II.
American president who ordered the dropping of the atomic bombs upon Japan
Prime Minister of the Great Britain during the majority of World War II.
May 8th, 1945. Known as Victory in Europe Day
Bataan Death March
68-mile march that American and Filipino forces were forced to take after Japan gained control of the Philippines.
commanding officer of American forces in the Pacific theater of the war.
allied scientists who researched the use of nuclear fission to create a weapon.
The United States dropped a bomb on this city on August 6th, 1945 killing more than 70,000 civilians.
The United States dropped a bomb on this city August 8th, 1945 killing more than 40,000 civilians.
crimes who brought against Axis leaders for committing crimes against humanity.
an organization of nations that includes many countries called the General Assembly as well as the Security Council of the United States, Russia, France, Britain, and China.
state of tension and hostility between nations aligned with the United States and nations aligned with the Soviet Union.
the policy of the United States to support free people who are resisting the spread of communism
a massive aid package designed to provide food and economic assistance to to European counties to rebuild after World War II.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Members including the United States and Canada pledged to help the others if attacked.
Similar to NATO, this military alliance included the Soviet Union and satellite nations.
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