History Mid-Term Study Guide
Terms in this set (50)
People that research and write about events of the human past are known as ___________.
What are Archaeologists
he study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artifacts and other physical remains.
What are Artifacts?
an object made by a human being, typically an item of cultural or historical interest:
Animal and plant remains that have been preserved over time are know as ________.
During which era of history were the use of stone tools first used?
Anthropologists are scientists that _________________
Study Human kind
How would you describe the lifestyle of nomads?
Not set in one place, always on the move following their food and building temporary shelter
The process of controlling a plant or animal for human purposes of food, work, or companionship is know as ___________________.
What is specialization?
The act of specializing, or pursuing a particular line of study or work
What is bipedal ?
Being able to walk on two feet
What is an Ice age?
a glacial episode during a past geological period.
How are archaeologists and detectives similar?
They both use common clues or evidence to figure out what happened and when it had happened
What feature has made modern man so successful and easily adaptable to different situations and environments?
The use of tools, more brain power, and the ability to walk upright
What were domesticated animals used for?
Food, Transportation, and Labor
What type of lifestyle did hunter gatherers lead?
What does the term agriculture mean?
Producing crops and livestock
Why is social hierarchy often described as pyramid shaped?
Some had higher power and popularity
During this time in history, what determined a person's class status?
Whatever class they had been born into
What is Culture?
Knowledge, Language, lifestyle, music
What is the purpose of religion?
Having a background to base off of, having someone to believe in
Which rivers flooded regularly were the site of ancient Civilizations?
Nile, Tigris, Euphrates
What is the purpose of a writing system?
What led to interaction among people and spread of culture?
War and Trade
What is cultural diffusion?
The spreading of culture
Where were the worlds first civilization built 5,000 years ago?
What two main rivers are locates in Mesopotamia?
Tigris and Euphrates
How did the agricultural revolution lead to the development of larger and more advanced cities?
People moving around and sharing knowledge about growing food. Being able to settle in fertile areas to grow crops for a community, people live longer and increased population.
What is a Pharaoh
A ruler in ancient Egypt
What does polytheistic mean?
to believe in more than one God or Goddess
What is fibrous water plant used by ancient Egyptians to create a material used to write on?
What is mummification?
Preserving a body by embalming it
What was the source of all life in ancient Egypt, which other wise would be barren dessert?
The Nile River
What enriched the soiled and improved yearly harvests?
The yearly flooding of the Nile River
How many Gods and Goddesses did ancient Egyptians worship?
They worshipped many different Gods and Goddess
What was the role of gods and goddess?
Their goal was to restore peace and harmony throughout the land
Who was responsible for creating laws, collecting taxes, and protecting Egypt from foreign invaders?
What is the greatest achievement of Menes?
He pulled together Upper and Lower Egypt
Are the accounts of ancient historians always accurate? Why or why not?
No, because sometimes the truth gets mixed up in myths
What is Ancient Greece often called?
The Cradle of Western Civilization
Why was a large wooden horse used in the Trojan war?
It was used to hide soldiers in from behind the walls
How are vases from ancient Greece decorated?
They often told a story
What did each city state have?
Their own set of laws and rights
What is the difference between tyranny and a democracy?
Tyranny had only one ruler as Democracy has the citizens rule the government
What allowed Sparta to become powerful and successful?
They had the best warriors
What is Athens know for?
Their great Artists, thinkers
What type of government did Athens have?
Who was the king of all gods?
What was the purpose of the Olympic games?
To honor the God Zeus
Who invented geometry?
What did gods and goddesses control?
They controlled every aspect of everyday life.