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29 terms

AP Human Geography Economics and Industry Vocab.

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Alfred Weber
formulated a theory of industrial location: an industry is located where the transportation costs of raw materials and final product is a minimum.
Break-of-Bulk-Point
a location where transfer is possible from one mode of transportation to another.
Capital Resources
human-made goods, tools, machines, and buildings used to produce other goods and services.
comparative advantage
the ability of an individual to carry out a particular economic activity.
consumer services
buisness that provide services primarily to individual consumers.
cultural convergence
the tendency for cultures to become more alike as they increasingly share technology and organizational structures in a modern world united by inproved transportation and communication systems.
enclosure act
the process of consolidation small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the 18th century.
fair trade
alternative to international trade that emphasizes small buisness and worker owned and democratically run cooperatives.
foundry
a workshop or factory for casting metal
fordist
carious social theories anbout production and related socio-economic phenomena.
gravity model
a model that holds the potantial use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversly related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
Hamlet
a small settlement, generally one smaller than a villiage
Heartland
the central, or most inportant part of a country, area, or field of activity
Hinterland
the area surrounding a town or port and served by it.
Industrial Triangle
located in Germany
Iron curtain
a national barrier that prevents the passage of information or ideas between political entities, in particular.
labor-intensive industry
labor costs make up a high % of total expenses
linear settlement
a small to medium sized settlement formed around a transportation route
megalopolis
a very large, heavily populated city or urban complex
OECD
organization for economic cooperation and development
productivity
the value of a particular product compared to the amount of labor needed to make it.
range
the maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service
range-size rule
a pattern of settlements in a country, such as the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement.
slag
stony waste matter seperated from metals during the smelting or refining of ore
textiles
a fabric made by weaving, used in making clothing
threshold
the minimum number of people needed to support a service
value added
the gross value of the product minus the costs of raw materials and energy
WW Rostow
produced a model of development in the 1950's
Ziggurat
a rectangular stepped tower, sometimes surmounted by a temple.