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15 terms

Latin America from Independence 1940s

CHP 25
STUDY
PLAY
What nation invaded Mexico and tried to make the Archduke Maximilian the "Emperor of Mexico"?
France
What eventually happened to "Maximilian of Mexico"?
He lost the war and was executed by firing squad.
The philosophy of positivism became popular among Latin American elites and gave intellectual support for
dictatorships
Carranza edged out Villa and Zapata as leader of the Mexican Revolution for all of the following reasons except
his willingness to call on U.S. forces for help
What best describes the government of Juan Peron of Argentina?
Anti-liberal and full of corruption.
The radical leaders in the Mexican revolution of 1910-1911 were
Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa
Dependency theory was developed to explain
persistent poverty and dictatorships in Latin America during much of its history
What country in the early 20th century began to get strongly involved in Latin American affairs by military interventions, building a canal, and replacing Britain as the dominant trading partner?
United States
What were the people of mixed Native American and European descent called?
mestizos
The mid-19th century movement called La Reforma in Mexico was directed against the rule of
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
In 19th century Latin America, agricultural labor primarily took the form of
debt peonage
All of the following products were exported from Latin America before 1900 except
textiles
Slavery continued to exist until 1888 in
Brazil
In the 19th century, postcolonial Brazil differed from other newly independent nations in South America for all of the following reasons except
it had a more diversified economic base
The effect of the Great Depression in Latin America can best be described as
very severe because the advanced economic sectors were dependent on export markets