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27 terms

Ch 17: Progressive Era

STUDY
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Progressive Movement
aimed to return control of the government to the people through reform.
Florence Kelley
advocate for improving the lives of women and children
Prohibition
the banning of alcoholic beverages, moral improvement.
muckrakers
Journalists who wrote about the corrupt side of business and public life in mass circulation.
scientific management
improving efficiency through the study of manufacturing tasks and processes
Robert M. La Follette
progressive Republican Governor of Wisconsin, regulated big business
initiative
a bill organized by the people instead of lawmakers.
referendum
a vote on an initiative, voted on by the people instead of the legislature.
recall
enabled voters to remove public officials from elected positions by forcing them to face another election before the end of their term if enough voters asked for it.
Seventeenth Amendment
Approved 1912, ratified 1913, allowed for the direct election of senators through primaries.
NACW
1896, National Association of Colored Women founded by merging 2 earlier organizations.
Susan B. Anthony
a leader for women's right to vote
suffrage
the right to vote
NAWSA
National Women Suffrage Association merging with another group to form the (National American Women Suffrage Association).
Upton Sinclair
muckraker, focused on human condition in the stockyards of Chicago.
The Jungle
book written by Sinclair about stockyards and bad conditions.
Theodore Roosevelt
POTUS, elected 1904, youngest president @ 42 years old.
Square Deal
used to describe the various progressive reforms sponsored by the Roosevelt administration.
Meat Inspection Act
detailed strict cleanliness requirements for meat packers. instituted process of federal meat inspection.
Pure Food and Drug act
halted the sale of contaminated foods and medicines and called for truth in labeling.
conservation
preserving some wilderness areas while other were developed for the common good.
NAACP
the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, aimed for full equality among the races.
Gifford Pinchot
head of the US Forest Service under Roosevelt
Payne-Aldrich Tariff
compromise that moderated the high rates of the Aldrich Bill.
William Howard Taft
ran in election of 1908, picked by Roosevelt. Ran against William Jennings Bryan, who was Democratic nominee.
Bull Moose Party
the new name for the Progressive Party.
Woodrow Wilson
1912 Democratic candidate from New Jersy