Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads


Pertaining to the value of art for its own sake or for form; pertaining to the critical reflection on art, nature, culture, or beauty.


Repetition of the last word of one clause at the beginning of the next clause.


Literary device of repetition, in which a word or phrase is repeated at the beginning of a series of lines. (eg Martin Luther King's repetition of the phrase "I have a dream that...")

Appeals to logic

Rhetorical arguments in which the speaker attempts to persuade the listener through use of deductive reasoning.

Begging the question

To sidestep or evade the real problem.


An assertion of something as fact; to demand as a right or as due; a statement that you want your audience to believe.


An accepted manner, model, or tradition; a common way of looking at or examining something.


An author's choice of words to convey a tone or effect.


Poem or prose lamenting the death of a particular person.


In dramatic literature, the moral element that determines a charcter's actions, rather than thought or emotion.


A speech or writing in praise of a person or thing; an oration in honor of a deceased person, typically given at a funeral or memorial.


Term used to describe literary forms, such as tragedy, comedy, novel or essay; a loose set of criteria that groups together types of writing/composition


The use of angry and insulting language in satirical writing.


Form of understatement in which the negative of the contrary is used to achieve. (eg Saying "You're not terrible" to express that you did a wonderful job)

Narrative device

Use of techniques such as flashbacks and/or digression in the telling of a story.


A figure of speech that combines two apparently contradictory elements, as in "jumbo shrimp" or "deafening silence".


A character's view of the situation or events in the story.


A piece of writing that gives considered thought to something.


A literary style used to make fun of or ridicule an idea or human vice or weakness, often for the sake of changing society for the better.


A figure of speech in which a part signifies the whole, such as "head of cattle" or "hands on deck".


The use of a word in a figurative sense with a decided change or extension in its literal meaning; a shift in the typical meaning of a word (eg "I put down my weapon of choice at the end of my test--a dull #2 lead pencil")

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording