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Where something is


Places grouped by one or more common characteristics (plural)


A geographic location that may describe physical or human characteristics


The earth's land, water, plant/animal life, its places, people and the environment


An imaginary line that encircles the earth like a belt


One-half of the globe


Everything north of the Equator is in the_______hemisphere


Locations north or south of the Equator measured by imaginary lines


Locations east or west of the Prime Meridian measured by imaginary lines

Prime Meridian

It is located at zero degrees longitude and runs through Greenwich, England (2 terms)

Absolute location

The exact position of a place on the earth's surface (2 terms)


A round scale model of the earth


A flat drawing of all or part of the earth's surface

Map key

Code that explains lines, symbols etc. on a map (2 terms)

Scale bar

A divided line showing map scale (2 terms)

Compass rose

Shows cardinal directions: N,S,E,W (2 terms)


Height above sea level

Physical map

This map shows landforms and water features (2 terms)

Political map

This map shows names and boundaries of countries (2 terms)

Bar graph

Graph that uses bars or wide lines (2 terms)

Line graph

Graph that shows changes over time (2 terms)

Circle graph

Graph that shows the whole of something divided into parts (2 terms)


Graph in which symbols represent quantities


Combination of a bar and line graph showing temperature and precipitation

5 themes of geography

Human/environment interaction, location, movement, place, region (alphabetical & 4 terms)

6 essential elements of geography

Environment & society, human systems, physical systems, places & regions, uses of geography, world in spatial terms or location (alphabetical & 5 terms)

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