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Chapter 51 Assisting in the Analysis of urine, from the Kinn's medical assisting book


Lacking a defined shape.


Presence of bilirubin in the urine.


Tubular sturctures found in urine composed mainly of muscoprotein secreted by certain cells of the kidney

Colony-forming units(CFU)

Term used when reporting bacteriuria, one CFU represents one bacterium present in the urine sample.


Forming notches or leaflike scalloped edges on an object

Culture and sensitivity

A procedure peformed in the microbology laboratory in which a specimen is cultured on artificial media to detect bacteria or fungal growth, followd by appropriate screening for antibiotic sensitivity


A telescopic examination of the urinary bladder.

Enzymatic reaction

Chemical reaction controlled by an emzyme


Fluid that remains after a liquid is passed through a membranous filter


Presence of glucose in the urine

gold standard

A paragon of execllence, the one to which all others are compared


Decrased blood flow to a body part or ogan caused by constriction or plugging of the supplying artery


The product of the metabolism of a substance such as a drug

Mononuclear white blood cells

Leukocytes having an unsegmented nucleus, monocytes and lymphocytes in paticular


Abnormal preaence of a hemoglobin-like chemical of muscle tissue in urine that is the result of muscle deterioration


Essential amino acid found in milk, eggs, and other foods

Polymorphonuclear white blood cells

Leukocytes having a segmented nucleus also known as polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) or segmented neutrophils


Causing light to refract, thus creating a sharp boundary or image.

renal thresholds

Levels above which substance cannot be reabsorbed by the renal tubules and are therfore excreted in the urine


Of, relating to, or capable of staining living cells after their removal from a living or recently dead organism



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