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21 terms

Chapter 51 Assisting in the Analysis of Urine

Chapter 51 Assisting in the Analysis of urine, from the Kinn's medical assisting book
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Amorphous
Lacking a defined shape.
Bilirubinuria
Presence of bilirubin in the urine.
Casts
Tubular sturctures found in urine composed mainly of muscoprotein secreted by certain cells of the kidney
Colony-forming units(CFU)
Term used when reporting bacteriuria, one CFU represents one bacterium present in the urine sample.
Crenate
Forming notches or leaflike scalloped edges on an object
Culture and sensitivity
A procedure peformed in the microbology laboratory in which a specimen is cultured on artificial media to detect bacteria or fungal growth, followd by appropriate screening for antibiotic sensitivity
Crytpscopy
A telescopic examination of the urinary bladder.
Enzymatic reaction
Chemical reaction controlled by an emzyme
Filtrate
Fluid that remains after a liquid is passed through a membranous filter
Glycosuria
Presence of glucose in the urine
gold standard
A paragon of execllence, the one to which all others are compared
ischemia
Decrased blood flow to a body part or ogan caused by constriction or plugging of the supplying artery
metabolite
The product of the metabolism of a substance such as a drug
Mononuclear white blood cells
Leukocytes having an unsegmented nucleus, monocytes and lymphocytes in paticular
myoglobinuria
Abnormal preaence of a hemoglobin-like chemical of muscle tissue in urine that is the result of muscle deterioration
Phenylalanine
Essential amino acid found in milk, eggs, and other foods
Polymorphonuclear white blood cells
Leukocytes having a segmented nucleus also known as polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) or segmented neutrophils
refractile
Causing light to refract, thus creating a sharp boundary or image.
renal thresholds
Levels above which substance cannot be reabsorbed by the renal tubules and are therfore excreted in the urine
supravital
Of, relating to, or capable of staining living cells after their removal from a living or recently dead organism
voided
Urinated