US midterm review emily

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Trust
a large company that has or attempts to gain monopolistic control of a market
Vertical integration
a way in which the supply chain of a company is owned by that company
Horizontal integration
a strategy where a company creates or acquires production units for outputs which are alike - either complementary or competitive
Progressivism
reform movement that believed the solution to social problems lay in a more active role on the part of government
Imperialism
the idea that Latin America and the United States should work together
Populism
a doctrine that appeals
Urbanization
refers to the concentration of human populations into discreet areas
Referendum
a reform that allowed proposed legislation and requires the legislature to vote on it
Recall
a reform that allowed voters to demand a special election to remove an elected official from office before his or her term had expired
Initiative
a reform that allowed a group of citizens to introduce legislation and required the legislature to vote on it
Temperance
the moderation or elimination of alcohol
Anti- suffragists
(mostly women) opposed extending the right to vote to womens beliefs.
Yellow Journalists
sensationalist reporting in which writers often exaggerate or make up stores to attract readers
Muckrackers
journalists who investigated social conditions and political corruption
Interstate Commerce Act
it is a United States federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry
Sherman Anti- Trust act
the first anti trust law to include a provision prohibiting price setting and price discrimination
American federation of labor
this kept unions out of politics, pushed of close shops, they required 8 day hour work days and agreed to collective bargaining.
Progressive reformers
a.)who they were:gene, John Lock, thomas Hobbs
b.)what they believed: they believed in social Darwinism
c.)what they did
Upton Sinclair
wrote a book exposing the meat industry
17th amendment
direct election of senators
19th amendment
women's suffrage
Theodore Roosevelt
set aside 200 acres of land for conservation
Woodrow Wilson
28th president. WWI leadership. Called for tariff reductions. Banking reform. And stronger antitrust legislation hands on with the economy
Booker T. Washington
"should postpone the fight for civil rights and focus on education"
W.E.B. Dubois
an activist who wanted equal rights for blacks
Ida B. Wells
this women launched a crusade against lynching
Social Darwinism
said only the strongest will survive
Social Gospel
better conditions in cities according to the biblical ideals of charity and justice
Immigration
people moved for jobs, avoid military services in their countries, and avoided religious persecution. -- from eastern and southern europe.
Old Immigration
immigration that occurred after the revolutionary war and lasted until the end of the civil war; northern to western euroupe
New immigrants
immigrants who came to america from areas that had not traditionally supplied settlers to the U.S. land of southern europe and eastern europe such as italy, russia, poland, and greece; asian locals such as china and japan
Chinese Exclusion Act
Banned Chinese immigration for 10 years then got extended
Annexation of Hawaii
the queen was overthrown by planters and forced to give up her power and the planters made their own government
Roosevelt Corollary
stated that the US would maintain stability
William Jennings bryan
1896 american politician; dominate force in liberal wing of the Democratic Party
Spanish American War
a.)causes
b.)outcome
a.)a conflict between spain and the US
b.) US intervention the Cuban war of independence
New technology in the gilded age
a.) inventions of Thomas Edison; phonograph, lightbulb, electric generator, the battery, motion picture and the dictaphone
Jacob Riis
How the other Half lives: a photographer who captured pictures of poverty in new york citys slums in the 1880's and wrote 'how the other half lives" in 1890
Plessy V. Ferguson
this court case argued that the Separate Car Act in Louisiana violated the 13th & 14th amendment-SEPERATE BUT EQUAL
Political machines
an informal political group designed to gain and keep power. also they provided new city dwellers with necessities such as jobs, housing, and police protection in exchange for votes
Robber Barons
people who loot companies and give nothing back
Andrew Carnegie
worked in railroads and had a steel company
John D. Rockefeller
standard oil company
Settlement House Movement
christian duty to improve living conditions for the pour
Jane Addams
a pioneer american settlement activists/reformer, social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, author, and leader in women;s suffrage and world peace. she created the first Hull House
Suffrage Movement
a movement to let women have the right to vote
NAWSA
National American Women's Suffrage Association founded by Elizabeth cady stanton and susan b anthony; a movement used to win suffrage state by state
NWP
National Womens party; founded by Alice Paul; didn't support president wilson; focused on passing a constitutional amendment
Susan B. Anthony
an american social reformer and feminist who played a pivot role in the women's suffrage movement. born into a quaker family committed to social equality, she collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
was an American suffragist, social activist, abolitionist, and leading figure of the early women's rights movement
Alice Paul
Feminist and main leader of 1910's campaign for the 19th to prohibit sex discrimination in the right to vote
Carrie Chapman Catt
american womens suffrage leader who campaigned for the 19th amendment to the US constitution, which gave us women the right to vote in 1920.
Declaration of Sentiments
written like the declaration of independence; talked about women's grievances
Tennessee before the passage of the 18th amendment
before alcohol was prohibited
What role did TN play in the ratification of the 19th amendment
TN was the 36th state to vote making it legal and it was only passed by 1 vote
Harry Burn
state legislature who voted yes on allowing women to vote
Anne Dallas Dudley
founded the nashville equal suffrage league; activist in women's suffrage
Sue shelton white
Member of NWP for women's suffrage. Imprisoned because of burning an effigy of present Wilson
Josephine Pearson
head of TN state association opposed to women's suffrage
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