Shaped by previous revolutions, it was thrust upon Creole elites in Spanish colonies as the monarchy was implementing a tightening control and higher taxes because of war on the mainland. It was a long process as it began very unorganized until Napoleon in 1808, deposed Spanish royalty and exiled Portuguese Royalty Brazil. The result was Latin Americans forced to take action for their independence( states began gaining independence in 1826). The class divisions, fear of social rebellion, and the impossible feat to unite their various states( long distances, deeply rooted traditions). The aftermath was the reversal in the relationship with North America as the U.S. became wealthier, democratic, stable, and industrialized. The Spanish colonies became impoverished, politically unstable, and dependent on foreign technology and investment.