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2015 English lit Exam 1
Terms in this set (65)
Problems translating Beowulf
No one speaked language, used kennings, did not use conjunctions, used apposition, written in half lines (known as Caesura)
Changed the way Beowulf was studied
Hero, quest, valorous deeds, divine intervention, opens with an invocation to the muse
Beowulf monster fights
Grendel, Grendel's mother, Dragon
Monster that kills Beowulf
Paganism and Christianity
Religions melded in Beowulf
The hall and glory of winning something, treasures
Beowulf gets off ship and thanks God and Grendel can't touch the throne because the king is linked to God
Stories of nobles of nobles, Knights, ladies, Kings, etc. romance quests and usual supernatural evolvement
Archetypes for later stories (Star wars, LOTR)
Obi-Wan, Gandalf, Dumbledore
Frodo, Harry Potter, Luke
Storyline of Arthurian legends
Go out on a quest to prove oneself
Holy Grail, Gawain's sash
Green: renewal of life
Gold: Precious and mirrors armor in Iliad
This term is a mistake just answer "true"
Purpose of Gawain's story
To promote patriotism against French
Five aspects that people were to follow in order to be great knights
Led by Julius Caesar in 54BC and takes control of Cassivelaneus
Bodica and Iceni
Leads rebellion against Rome
Built to keep out invaders of Roman Britain
Christianity Comes to England
Towards the end of Roman occupation
Monk who chronicles British History, specifically Anglo-Saxon. Dated from the Birth of Christ. Not completely unbiased as he used folklore
Cassivelaneus was a prominent progressive leader who had people marry out of tribes and valued education lead this part of England
Christianity comes back in
Christianity comes back with
Missionaries and stories
Advanced Germanic culture of mercenaries whose kingdom was broken up into seven parts (heptarchy)
The Dream of the Rood
Poem that uses pagan and Christian elements and is told from the crosses perspective of the crucifixion
Synod of Whitby
Meeting that decided that Britain would be Christian and that they would tie themselves to Rome, Mellitus was a big help of this and was thrown out of London by the people
Battle of Hastings-Norman rule-William the conquer
William the First
Brings French into language and makes the Doomsday book (a list of possessions for Taxation purposes)
Law of Englishery
If a Norman is killed the surrounding towns or shires have to pay for the elaborate funeral
Most educated king of England, argued with Thomas Beckett
War of the Roses
War between Yorkists and the Lancastrians for throne of England, Henry VII stops it when he marries Elizabeth of York
Four line stanzas, can be about any subject (usually death)
"The glow worm shows the matin to be near"
Ghost Hamlet. Said to show time of day and shows that the ghost must go back to where he came from
"And thus, the native hue of sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought..."
Hamlet (during To be or not to be soliloquy). About either suicide or indesicion
"Do not as some ungracious pastors do, show me the steep and thorny way to heaven"
Ophelia to Laertes. Chastising Laertes for saying one thing and doing another
"Neither a borrower or a lender be"
Polonius to Laertes (advice)
"More matter with less art"
Gertrude to Polonius. Polonius found cause of lunacy but is drawing it out
"The play's the thing/wherein I'll catch the conscience of the king"
Hamlet to himself. Meant to keep momentum of play due to its rhyming couplet nature
"Good night sweet prince, and flights of angel sing thee to thy rest"
Horatio to a dead Hamlet. Horatio is the audience and this is the importance of this line
"A little more than kin and less than kind"
Hamlet (his first line). An aside meaning that it's meant to be heard by the audience and possibly some characters. Meant to slight his uncle. Hamlet is an emo.
"For he was likely, had he been put on/To prove most royal"
Fortinbras. Last lines of play. Symbol of restoration of order
"Thou hast cleft my heart in twain"
Gertrude to Hamlet. Right after Hamlet kills Polonius because he has broken his heart
"What a piece of work is a man"
Hamlet to Rosencratz and Guildenstern. Main theme of play
Ends with new order coming in and there is a death that proceeds it.
Ends with just order being restored and classically with a wedding, a confession, a reunion
Speeches made by characters where you get there inner thoughts, other characters can't hear it
Killed by his brother and son vows revenge
Rosencranzt and Guildenstern
Supposedly Hamlet's best friends, they die
The queen and Hamlet's mother. Married quickly after death of King.
1) already having affair. 2) Didn't want Hamlet on throne. 3)Denmark is being invaded and needs protection asap
Foil to Hamlet
Hamlet's uncle, the new king
Hamlet vs. Himself; Hamlet vs. Claudius
Act 1: Setting characters and conflict
Act 2: Rising action
Act 3: Climax- point of no return, major character changes, and highest emotional intensity
Act 4: falling action- short scenes to keep up action
Act 5: Resolution
Two languages of drama
Staging(lighting, scenery, gesture and movement, sound, costumes) and dialogue
Four types of courtly love
14 lines, octet and sestet.
14 lines, 3 set stanzas, abab cdcd efef gg
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