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89 terms

**Common medications

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Norvasc (amlodpine)
Antihypertensive/Ca channel blocker
Lisinopril (Zestril)
Antihypertensive/ACE inhibitor
used in HTN, HF
Imdur
venodilators, antianginals, nitrates
Digoxin
Antiarrhythmics/inotropes
- used in HF, irregular heart rhythm, used in CAD
-⬆ force of myocardial contractions
Lasix/Furosemide
diuretic/loop diuretic
- tx edema & CHF
Synthyroid/levothyroxine
hypothyroidism
colace
stool softener
aspirin/ASA
- antipyretic (fever reducing), non-opioid
analgesic/salcylates
- NSAID
- ⬇ platelets, ⬇ inflammation
Heparin
anticoagulant
- prevent DVTs
KCl
k supplement
miralax
laxative
prednisone
anti-inflammatory, steroid
Cozaar/Losartan
antihypertensive
⬇ BP, used in HF
Neurontin
analgesic, anti-convulsant
Oscal
Ca supplement
Singulair
allergy, cold & cough, bronchodilators
lidoderm patch
...
used to relieve nerve pain
Coumadin/Warfarin
anticoagulant
Robitussin
allergy, cold & cough
Glucotrol
anti-diabetics
Regular insulin
short acting anti-diabetics
Aspart/Lispro
rapid acting anti-diabetics
Metformin
anti-diabetics
Lantus
Long acting anti-diabetics
Actos/Pioglitazone
anti-diabetics, Type 2 DM
Lactulose
laxative
chronic constipation
Tylenol/Acetaminophen
non-opioid analgesic, antipyretics (fever reducing)
Pepcid/Famotidine
anti-ulcer agent, histamine antagonist
Protonix/Pantoprazole
anti-ulcer, ⬇ acid reflux
Cardizem/Diltiasem hydrochloride
Ca channel blocker
senna
laxative
nitropaste
...
- chest pain symptoms, hypertension
Lopressor/Metoprolol
antihypertensive
HTN, HF, irregular heart rhythm
Tenormin
anti-anginal, antihypertensive, beta blocker
Flomax/Tamsulosin
peripherally acting antiadrenergics
- obstruction prostatic hyperplasia
Albuterol
bronchodilator, adrenergics
- control/prevent airway obstruction in asthma or COPD
Atrovent/Ipratropium
allergy, cold & cough, bronchodilator
- COPD, emphysems
Duragesic patch/Fentanyl
opioid analgesic
-moderate to severe pain
Zoloft/Sertraline
anti-depressant
Advair
-asthma, COPD
Plavix/Clopidogrel
anti-platelet agent
Ferrous sulfate
anti-anemics, iron supplement
Vicodin/Hydrocodone/acetaminophen
opioid analgesic
- moderate pain, suppress cough reflex
Dyazide
..
- hypertensive & edema (fluid retention
Dulcolax/Dosusate/colace/Correctol
stool softener
Flovent/Fluticasone
anti-asthmatics, anti-inflammatory (steroids)
Ciprofloxacin
- anti-infective
- treatment of infectious bacteria
- colitis, abdominal pain, insomnia, agitation, confusion, nausea
Cilostazol
- antiplatelet
- reduce symptoms of claudication w/improved walking
- HA, dizziness, diarrhea
Anti convulsant drugs (7)
- mood stabilizers, ↓ mood swings, treat bi-polar
1. depakote (valproic acid)
2. Klonopin
3. Lamictal
4. Tegretol
5. Topamax
6. Trileptal
7. Neurontin
Depakote (Valproic acid)
- Anti convulsant drug
- mood stabilizers, ↓ mood swings, treat bi-polar
- rapid cyclers
- thrombocytopenia
Klonopin
- Anti convulsant drug
- mood stabilizers, ↓ mood swings, treat bi-polar
- actually a BZD, but not good at it
Lamictal
- Anti convulsant drug
- mood stabilizers, ↓ mood swings, treat bi-polar
- maintenance therapy
- Stevens Johnson rash
- no blood monitoring
Tegretol (Carbazemepine)
- Anti convulsant drug
- mood stabilizers, ↓ mood swings, treat BIPOLAR
- rash is common
- anticholinergic S/E
- drowsiness
- Agranulocytosis ** assess WBC, sore throat, malaise, fever
- Thrombocytopenia
- Blood monitoring (therapeutic - 4-12mcg/ml)
Topamax
- Anti convulsant drug
- mood stabilizers, ↓ mood swings, treat bi-polar
- no blood monitoring
Trileptal
- Anti convulsant drug
- mood stabilizers, ↓ mood swings, treat bi-polar
- no blood monitoring
Neurontin
- Anti convulsant drug
- mood stabilizers, ↓ mood swings, treat bi-polar
SSRI's (6) & 6 names
- Anti-depressant & treat anxiety, panic & OCD
- 1-3 weeks to begin, 6 weeks full effect
- 1ST line of defense
- less anti-cholingeric & histamine S/E
- S/E sexual dysfunction
- take in am
1. Celexa
2. Lexapro
3. Luvox
4. Paxil
5. Prozac
6. Zoloft
Celexa
SSRI
- Anti-depressant & treat anxiety, panic & OCD
Lexapro
SSRI
- Anti-depressant & treat anxiety, panic & OCD
Luvox
SSRI
- Anti-depressant & treat anxiety, panic & OCD
Paxil
SSRI
- Anti-depressant & treat anxiety, panic & OCD
Prozac
SSRI
- Anti-depressant & treat anxiety, panic & OCD
Zoloft
SSRI
- Anti-depressant & treat anxiety, panic & OCD
Atypical antipsychotics (6 characteristics)
1. ↓ psychosis
2. block serotonin & dopamine attachment (more selective)
3. Less SE than conventional, less EPS
4. 1ST line of defense
5. Used in bipolar patients
6. S/E = metabolic syndrome, ↑ weight, ↑ trigylcerides, ↑ BG
Atypical antipsychotics (7 names)
1. Abilify
2. Clozaril
3. Geodon
4. Invega
5. Risperidal
6. Seroquel
7. Zyprexa
Abilify
Atypical antipsychotic
Clozaril
Atypical antipsychotic
Geodon
Atypical antipsychotic
-S/E = Cardiac
Invega
Atypical antipsychotic
- injectible
Risperidal
Atypical antipsychotic
- S/E = ↑EPS, injectible
Seroquel
Atypical antipsychotic
- S/E = ↑ sedation, ↑ weight, OH, ↓EPS
Zyprexa
Atypical antipsychotic
- S/E = metabolic syndrom
Conventional antipsychotics (4 characteristics)
- Schizophrenia treatment (delusions, hallucinations)
- bipolar treatment
- block dopamine attachment
- S/E = EPS, pseudoparkinsonism, akathisia, akinesia, dystonia, tardive dyskinesia, ↑ prolactin
Conventional antipsychotics (4 names)
1. Haldol
2. Navene
3. Thorazine
4. Prolixin
Haldol
Conventional antipsychotics
Navene
Conventional antipsychotics
Thorazine
Conventional antipsychotics
Prolixin
Conventional antipsychotics
BZD Sleepers (2 general)
- schedule IV
- quick onset, short half life
BZD sleepers (5 Names)
1. Ambien
2. Dalmane
3. Halcion
4. Lunesta
5. Restoril
Ambien
BZD sleepers
- schedule IV
- quick onset, short half life
Dalmane
BZD sleepers
- schedule IV
- quick onset, short half life
Halcion
BZD sleepers
- schedule IV
- quick onset, short half life
Lunesta
BZD sleepers
- schedule IV
- quick onset, short half life
Restoril
BZD sleepers
- schedule IV
- quick onset, short half life
Desyrel (Trazadone)
Anti-depressant
- insomnia
- need high doses for anti-depressant
- priapism = erection > 4hours
NSAIDs examples
1. aspirin
2. Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)
3. Toradol
Enalapril (Vasotec)
Antihypertensive/ACE inhibitor
used in HTN, HF
Metoprolol (Lopressor)
Therapeutic: antianginals, antihypertensives
Pharmacologic: Beta blockers