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Gov Chap 14
Terms in this set (45)
Article II of the Constitution. Establishes the presidency and gives the executive power of the Federal Government to the President
Those means of communication that reach large audiences, especially television, radio, printed publications, and the internet
Term used to describe a President as an "emperor" who acts without consulting Congress or acts in secrecy to evade or deceive Congress; often used in reference to Richard Nixon's presidency
Oath of Office
Oath taken by the President on the day he takes office, pledging to "faithfully execute" the office and "preserve, protect, and defend" the Constitution.
Directive, rule, or regulation issued by a chief executive or subordinates, based upon constitutional or statutory authority and having the force of law.
Power of the President to issue executive orders; originates from the Constitution and acts of
Who does the President appoint?
With Senate consent, the President names most of the top-ranking officers of the Federal Government, including
(1) Ambassadors and other diplomats
(2) Cabinet members and their top aides
(3) The heads of such independent agencies as the EPA and NASA
(4) All federal judges, attorneys, and U.S. marshals
(5) All officers in the armed forces
A formal agreement between two or more sovereign states and MUST be approved by the senate
A pact made by the President directly with the head of a foreign state or a subordinate
The exclusive power of a President to recognize (establish formal diplomatic relations with) foreign states.
Persona non grata
An unwelcome person; used to describe recalled diplomatic officials
All legislation passed by congress is sent to the President for approval. If the President disapproves of a bill, he can veto it. That veto can ONLY be overturned by a two thirds vote of BOTH houses of Congress
A President's cancellation of specific dollar amounts (line items) from a congressional spending
bill; institutes by a 1996 congressional act, but struck down by a 1998 Supreme Court decision.
An official postponement of the execution of a sentence
Release from the punishment or legal consequences of a crime, by the President (in a federal case) or a governor (in a State case)
Mercy or leniency granted to an offender by a chief executive
The power to reduce (commute) the length of a sentence or fine for a crime
A group pardon
The President's power to execute the law covers
All federal laws, whether or not the President agrees with them
The President has the power to make executive agreements..
Without any congressional action or approval
The power to issue executive orders is the
Treaties can be
(1) declared unconstitutional by the supreme court
(2) made with the Senates consent
(3) repealed by Congress
The _________ appoints Cabinet members with _________ approval
A President can use armed forces abroad
At his or her own discretion
The President exercises legislative power over congress by
Some Presidents, such as _________________, have taken a narrow view of the Presidential powers
William Howard Taft
The President cannot exercise judicial power by
granting pardons in cases of impeachment
Presidents who have been considered stronger and more effective leaders have viewed the presidency as..
what Theodore Roosevelt called "stewardship"
Which of the following require the involvement of a greater number of people
Which of the following terms MOST closely related to the power to grant reprieves
In times of National emergency, the powers of the President are
The Executive article of the Constitution is
Which of the following government officials is not appointed by the President
Speaker of the House
When acting as head of the nations armed forces, the President is filling the role of
Commander in Chief
A presidential veto of legislation can only be overturned by a
a two-thirds vote in BOTH houses of Congress
Which of the following statements about the President's power of removal is TRUE
As a general rule, the President may remove any office holders he or she appointed
The President's military powers
are shared with Congress
The difference between a treaty and an executive agreement is that
The President needs Senate approval for a treaty but not for an executive agreement
Which of the following is a typical sequence of events in the appointment process?
Nomination, Senate committee hearings, Senate debate, Rejection
This is international agreement that requires senate approval
This postpones the execution of a sentence, but does not change the sentence
The power of reprieve
How can you undo a treaty?
(1) Repeal by congress - making a new law to override it
(2) Supreme court can declare it unconstitutional
The process for the President to replace a member
President appoints and senate approves
What is granting a pardon called to a whole group?
Under this power is when the President will recognize a new country?
Power of recognition
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