Chapter 7 Flashcards
Terms in this set (33)
the largest river basin on Earth. Warm and wet climate
objects left behind by past cultures
Atacama Desert/Rain Shadow
a desert west of the Andes. It's a rain shadow to the Andes. Rain shadows are dry regions on the sides of mountain ranges.
Benefits of the Rain Forest
provides many habitats for the biodiversity, cleans the air, some plants can fight deadly diseases.
Cause of rich soil in the lowlands
many floodplains are there and they carry rich minerals from different areas.
Climate of the Amazon River Basin
warm and wet
Climate of the Andes Mountains
cold with little rainfall
a group's way of life, including types of food, shelter, clothing, language, behavior, and ideas.
Effects of Deforestation in the Amazon Rain Forest
deforestation affects the biodiversity(loss of habitat and food) and the amount of greenhouse gases in the air (too much)
when regular wind and ocean currents reverse
the very center line of latitude
Goal of Missionaries
to persuade people to change to their religion
Greatest Threat to the Rain Forest
Greenhouse Gases (What do they do?)
greenhouse gases trap heat energy; warming the Earth
Inca and Terraced Fields
the convenient way that Incas were able to farm on the slopes of the Andes. (cutting into slopes to create flat fields)
Inca Empire (location)
the western coast of south america
Latitude and Longitude
latitude: imaginary line that runs east to west
longitude: imaginary line that runs north to south
Location of the Andes Mountains
western coast of south america
a complex city built by the Incas in the 1400s consisting of giant walls, terraces, sloping ramps, and steep stairways. Located on a mountain.
people who move from place to place
Plantation Crops of Brazil
the very center line of longitude
Region (Five Themes)
a group of places with common traits
a south american citizen who led a revolution against the spanish in South America
a technique in which people cut and burn forest and vegetation in order to clear land for agriculture
Slavery in Brazil
Portuguese used African slaves, after the native people died off, as their main labor force.
only growing enough food to feed your family
a process in which plants and trees release water vapor into the air
Treaty of Tordesillas
A treaty between Spain and Portugal that divided newly discovered lands amongst each other. This set the stage for most of the conquest of south america.
smaller rivers that drain into a larger river
Tropic of Cancer
about 23 degrees N of the equator
Tropic of Capricorn
about 23 degrees S of the equator
Why people have lived in the lowlands for thousands of years
because the fertile river plains allowed them to maintain a steady food supply.
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