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Beginning Medical Terminology

Beginning Packet, Prefix(s), Root Words and Suffix(s)
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hyperplasia
hyper/plasia
excessive formation or growth
hemiparesis
hem/i/paresis
half partial paralysis
gastritis
gastr/itis
inflammation of the stomach
hemo
hem/o/
blood
thyrotoxic
thyr/o/toxic
poisoning of the thyroid
chondr
cartilage
meter
instrument of measuring
hyper
excessive
-dia
through
carcinogen
carcin/o/gen
cancer forming, producing, origin
-rrhea
discharge, flow
hypothermia
hypo/therm/ia
condition of low (lack of) heat
thermometer
therm/o/meter
instrument for measuring heat
macro
large
-philia
attraction for
lip
lip/o/
fat
sclerosis
scler/o/sis
abnormal condition of hardening
-scopy
visual examination of
atrophy
a/trophy
without development, nourishment
pelvi
pelv/i/
pelvis
-logy
the study of
cardiogram
cardi/o/gram
to record, a writing of the heart
cephalalgia
chephal/algia
pain in the head; headache
-iasis
abnormal condition
(produced by something specified)
a
without
-centesis
puncture of
hyperthemia
hyper/therm/ia
condition of excessive heat
proctoscopy
proct/o/scopy
visual examination of the anus, rectum
-emia
blood
-oid
resembling something
-stenosis
narrowing, stricture of
colon
colon
enter
intestine
osteo
oste/o/
bone
dermat
dermat/o/
skin
colonoscopy
colon/o/scopy
visual examination of the colon
arthro
arthr/o/
joint
diarrhea
dia/rrhea
discharge, flow through
aphasia
a/phasia
without speech
lipoid
lip/oid
resembling fat
gastro
gastr/o/
stomach
claustrophobia
claustr/o/phobia
fear of confined places
scler
hardening of
hystero
hyster/o/
uterus
thorac
thorac/o/
chest
micro
small
-metry
the act of measuring
arterio
arteri/o/
artery
-gram
to record, a writing
phlebotomy
phleb/o/tomy
incision of the vein
-phasia
speech
osteochondritis
oste/o/chrod/ritis
inflammation of the bone and cartilage
procto
proct/o/
anus, rectum
microcardia
micro/card/ia
condition of a small heart
phlebo
phleb/o/
vein
-oma
tumor
-tomy
incision
osteoarthritis
oste/o/arthr/itis
inflammation of the bone and joint
mastectomy
mast/ectomy
excision of the breast
cholelithiasis
cole/lith/iasis
abnormal condition pertaining to the gall stone
dysphagia
dys/phagia
difficult or painful eating or swallowing
osteogenesis
oste/o/genesis
bone forming, producing, origin
cephel
head
aden
gland
-rrhexis
rupture of
thoracotomy
thorac/o/tomy
incision of the chest
hemiplegia
hem/i/plegia
half paralysis
-itis
inflammation of
psycho
psych/o/
mind
hemostasis
hem/o/stasis
standing still of the blood
-algia
pain
gastritis
gastr/itis
inflammation of the stomach
gastromegaly
gastr/o/megaly
enlargement of the stomach
dys
difficult or painful
therm
heat
blepharospasm
blephar/o/spasm
involuntary twitching of the eyelid
macroglossia
macro/gloss/ia
condition of a large tongue
-ectomy
excision of
-megaly
enlargement of
cardio
cardi/o/
heart
adenoma
aden/oma
gland tumor
hysteroptosis
hyster/o/ptosis
prolapsed uterus
-genesis
forming, producing, origin
erythro
erythr/o/
red
-ia
condition of
-graph
instrument for recording
gastroscope
gastr/o/scope
instrument to view or examine the stomach
-plegia
paralysis
-phagia
eating, swallowing
osteomalacia
oste/o/malacia
softening of the bone
mast
breast (mast or mass)
gloss
tongue
cholelith
chol/e/lith
gall stone
-toxic
poison
hemophilia
hem/o/philia
attraction for blood "vampire"
nephro
nephr/o/
kidney
arthrocentesis
arthr/o/centesis
the puncture of a joint
-osis
abnormal condition (increased)
hemopoiesis
hem/o/poiesis
formation, production of blood
menorrhagia
men/o/rrhagia
excessive menses
hepatomegaly
hepat/o/megaly
enlargement of the liver
leuk
white
osteotome
oste/o/tome
instrument to cut bone
colostomy
colo/stomy
forming an opening in the colon
litho
lith/o/
stone, calculus
leukopenia
leuk/o/penia
decrease, deficiency of white (cell)
-spasm
involuntary contraction, twitching
hypo
low
-ptosis
prolapsed, downward displacement
pelvimetry
pelv/i/metry
the act of measuring the pelvis
dermatologist
dermat/o/logist
specialist in the study of skin
-stomy
to form an opening (mouth)
append
appendix
-tomy
incision, cut into
-tome
instrument to cut
-stasis
standing still
dermatosis
dermat/osis
abnormal condition of increased skin
(used primarily with blood cells)
gastroenteritis
gastr/o/enter/itis
inflammation of the stomach and intestines
mening
meninges
encephalo
encephel/o/
brain
-plasia
formation or growth of
carcino
carcin/o/
cancer
hyperemesis
hyper/emesis
excessive vomiting
angio
angi/o/
vessel
bronchiectasis
brinchi/ectasis
dilation of, expansion of bronchus
neuropathy
neur/o/pathy
nerve disease
gastrodynia
gastr/o/dynia
stomach pain
hepatocele
hepat/o/cele
hernia, swelling of the liver
-para
to bear (offspring)
biologist
specialist in the study of life
leukemia
leuk/emia
white blood
-penia
decrease, deficiency of
-rrhage
-rrhagia
bursting forth, excessive
blepharo
blephar/o/
eyelid
bronchi
bronchus
hepato
hepat/o/
liver
appendectomy
append/ectomy
removal or excision of the appendix
-tripsy
crushing of
multi
many, much
-phobia
fear of
enterolysis
enter/o/lysis
separation, destruction of, loosening of the intestine
enchephalomeningistis
encephal/o/mening/itis
inflammation of the brain and meninges
-dynia
pain
-cele
hernia. swelling
-poiesis
formation, production of
lithotripsy
lith/o/tripsy
crushing of a stone, calculus
angiorrhexis
angi/o/rrhexis
rupture of a vessel
cardiograph
cardi/o/graph
instrument for recording the heart
myo
muscle
multipara
multi/para
to bear many offspring
mastoplexy
mast/o/plexy
fixation of the breast
artiriostenosis
arteri/o/stenosis
narrowing of the artery
neuro
neur/o/
nerve
psychology
psych/o/logy
the study of the mind
arthrodesis
arthr/o/desis
binding, fixation of a joint
-plasty
surgical repair of
meno
men/o/
menses
claustro
claustr/o/
confined places
-rrhaphy
suture
-gen
forming, producing, origin
myorrhaphy
myo/rrhaphy
suture of the muscle
-pexy
fixation of
thyro
thyr/o/
thyroid
-desis
binding, fixation of a bone or joint
-paresis
partial paralysis
-lysis
separation of, destruction of, loosening of
-scope
instrument to view or examine
osteoclasis
oste/o/clasis
to break. fracture the bone
-pathy
disease
-malacia
softening of
-logist
specialist in the study of
rhinoplasty
rhin/o/plasty
to surgically repair the nose
hemi
hem/i/
half
-trophy
development. nourishment
-emesis
vomiting
-ectasis
dilation, expansion of
biology
the study of life
bio
bi/o/
life or two
-clasis
break, fracture
rhino
rhin/o/
nose