WORLD HISTORY European colonists used violence extensively against domicile populations unwilling to accept colonial rule. In some cases, they even conducted extermination of natives, e.g. in North America, Australia and New Zealand. However, part of the elite groups of the native populations often voluntarily cooperated with colonists with the goal of preserving their social privileges. Colonists also used individuals from native populations as translators, bureaucrats, soldiers, etc. Many of those people, especially in later periods of colonialism, received Western education, and improved their social status and economic standing.