CIST 1001 - Chapter 3 - Making the Most Out of the Web's Resources
Terms in this set (61)
A software program that
finds and retrieves the latest update of web
material (usually podcasts) according to your
A personal log or journal posted on the
web; short for web log.
Features in some browsers
that place markers of websites' Uniform
Resource Locators (URLs) in an easily
A word used to refine
logical searches. For Internet searches,
the words AND, NOT, and OR describe
the relationships between keywords in the
A navigation aid that
shows users the path they have taken to get
to a web page or where the page is located
within the website; it usually appears at the
top of a page.
E-commerce transactions between businesses.
E-commerce transactions between businesses and consumers.
A computer that requests information
from a server in a client/server network (such
as your computer when you are connected
to the Internet).
A type of network that uses
servers to deliver services to computers that
are requesting them (clients).
E-commerce transactions between
consumers through online sites such as eBay.
A part of a Uniform
Resource Locator (URL).
Consists of two parts: the site's host
and a suffix that indicates the type of
The process of conducting business online
for purposes ranging from fund-raising to
advertising to selling products.
e-mail (electronic mail)
Internet-based communication in which senders and recipients correspond.
A software program that runs
on a computer and is used to send and
receive e-mail through an Internet service
A feature in Microsoft Internet
Explorer that places a marker of a website's
Uniform Resource Locator (URL) in an easily
retrievable list in the browser's toolbar. (Called Bookmarks in some browsers.)
File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
A protocol used to upload and download files from one computer to another over the Internet.
The portion of a domain name that
identifies who maintains a given website.
A type of specially coded text
that, when clicked, enables a user to jump
from one location, or web page, to another
within a website or to another website
Hypertext Transfer Protocol
The protocol that allows files to be
transferred from a web server so that you
can see them on your computer by using
instant messaging (IM)
A program that enables users to communicate online in real time with others who are also online.
A network of networks that's the
largest network in the world, connecting
billions of computers globally.
The main pathway of high-speed communications lines over which all Internet traffic flows.
Internet Protocol (IP) address
The means by which all computers connected to the Internet identify each other. It consists of a unique set of four numbers separated by
dots, such as 126.96.36.199.
A specific word a user wishes
to query (or look for) in an Internet search.
A bookmark that delivers
updates as soon as they become available,
using Really Simple Syndication (RSS).
A search engine, such as Dogpile, that searches other search engines rather than individual websites.
Anything that involves one or
more forms of media plus text.
The information after the slash that indicates a particular file or within the website.
A small software program that "plugs in" to a web browser to enable a specific function—for example, to view and hear certain multimedia files on the web.
A clip of audio or video content
that's broadcast over the Internet using
compressed audio or video files in formats
such as MP3.
Really Simple Syndication (RSS)
An XML-based format that allows frequent
updates of content on the World Wide Web.
A set of programs that
searches the web for specific words
(or keywords) you wish to query (or look for)
and that then returns a list of the websites on
which those keywords are found.
secure socket layer
A network security protocol that provides for the encryption of data transmitted using the
Internet. The current versions of all major
web browsers support SSL.
semantic web (Web 3.0)
An evolving extension of the World Wide Web in which information is defined in such a way as to make it more easily readable by computers.
A computer that provides resources
to other computers on a network.
A subset of e-commerce
that uses social networks to assist in
marketing and purchasing products.
A means by which people
use the Internet to communicate and share
information among their immediate friends
and to meet and connect with others through
common interests, experiences, and friends.
Multimedia (audio and
video) that is fed continuously fed to the
browser to avoid waiting for the entire file to
download completely before listening to or
A structured outline of websites organized by topics and subtopics.
tagging (social bookmarking)
A keyword or term that Internet users assign to a web resource such as a web page, digital image, or video.
The suffix, often of three
letters (such as .com or .edu), in the domain
name that indicates the kind of organization
the host is.
Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
A website's unique address; an example is
video log (vlog or video blog)
A personal online journal that uses video as the primary content in addition to text, images, and audio.
Tools and web-based services that
emphasize online collaboration and sharing
A type of e-mail system that's managed by a web browser and that allows access to e-mail from the web.
web browser (browser)
Software installed on a computer system that allows individuals to locate, view, and navigate
The broadcast of audio or
video content over the Internet. Unlike
a podcast, a webcast is not updated
A computer running a
specialized operating system that enables it
to host web pages (and other information)
and to provide requested web pages to
A location on the web.
A type of website that allows anyone
visiting the site to change its content by
adding, removing, or editing the content.
World Wide Web
The part of the Internet that uses
common communication protocols and special languages that enable different computers to talk to each other and display information in compatible formats and its use of special links that enable users to
jump from one place to another in the web.
__________ is the largest computer network in the world, connecting millions of computers.
A computer connected to the
Internet acts as either a _______ (a computer that asks for information) or a server (a computer that receives the request and returns the information to the client).
A computer connected to the
Internet acts as either a client (a computer that asks for information) or a _______ (a computer that receives the request and returns the information to the client).
Data travels between clients and servers along a system of communication lines or pathways. The largest and fastest of these pathways form the ___________.
To ensure that data is sent to the correct computer along the pathways, ___________ are assigned to all computers connected to
_____________ enables you to communicate and share information with friends as well as meet and
connect with others.
________ are journal entries posted to the web that are generally organized by a topic or area of interest and are publicly available.
________ allows users to communicate electronically without the parties involved being available at the same time.
___________ services are
programs that enable you to communicate in real time with others who are online.
Once you're connected to the Internet, in order to locate, navigate to, and view web pages, you need to install special software called a _________ on your system.