Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Ideas of the 20th century quotation possibilities MIDTERM
Terms in this set (84)
"Necessity . . . Exists in the mind, not in objects."
Morals have an influence on actions and affections. Reason alone can have no such influence. So, morality is not a conclusion of reason. It consists of no matter of fact."
In every system of morality I have met with I
have noticed that the author proceeds for
some time reasoning in the ordinary way to
establish the existence of a God, or making
points about human affairs, and then he
suddenly surprises me by moving from
propositions with the usual copula 'is' (or 'is
not') to ones that are connected by
'ought' (or 'ought not').
This seems like a very small change, but it is
highly important. For as this 'ought' (or 'ought
not') expresses some new relation or
affirmation, it needs to be pointed out and
explained; and a reason should be given for
how this new relation can be—inconceivably!
—a deduction from others that are entirely
different from it.
". . .'tis the object of feeling, not of
reason. It lies in yourself, not in the
"Sentiment or feeling takes us from is to ought"
"Reason is, and ought to be, the slave of the passions."
"An action or sentiment, or character s virtuous or
vicious; why? Because its view causes a pleasure or
uneasiness of a particular kind."
Take any action that is agreed to be
vicious—willful murder, for instance.
Examine it in all lights, and see if you can find the matter of fact or real
existence that you call 'vice'.
However you look at it, all you'll find
are certain passions, motives,
volitions, and thoughts; those are the
only matters of fact in the case."
.So vice and virtue may be compared
to sounds, colours, heat, and cold,
which modern philosophy says are
not qualities in objects but
perceptions in the mind.
"Nearly all philosophical problems once again raise
the same form of question as they did two thousand
years ago: How can something develop from its
opposite—for example, reason from the
unreasonable, feeling from the dead, logic from the
illogical, disinterested gaze from covetous wanting,
altruism from egoism, truth from error?"
"What if this chemistry
would reveal that in these areas too the
most glorious colors arise from low,
"They [philosophers] automatically think of
man as an aeterna veritas (eternal truth),
as a constant in the flux, as a safe measure
of things to come. Everything that
philosophers say about man is no longer
fundamental, but tells us something about
the men of a very limited period of time.
Lack of historical sense is the hereditary
error of all philosophers."
"Everything, however, became
what it is. There are no eternal
facts. There are no absolute
truths. Therefore what is
needed from now on is
historical philosophizing and
with it the virtue of modesty."
"What we call now the world is the result of a
number of errors and fantasies, which have
gradually developed throughout the whole
evolution of organic nature, have intertwined with
one another, and are now left to us as the
cumulative treasure of the entire past—as
treasure, because the value of our humanity
rests on it."
"The human intellect projected its errors
as appearances and its basic
assumptions into things."
"Because we looked at the world for
thousands of years with moral, aesthetic,
religious demands, with blind inclination,
passion, or fear, and abandoned
ourselves to the bad habits of illogical
thinking, this world has gradually become
so wondrously multicolored, terrible,
meaningful, soulful, that it has taken on
color—but we have been the colorists."
"New struggles.—After Buddha was dead, his
shadow was still shown for centuries in a cave—
a tremendous, shiver-inducing shadow. God is
dead; but given humans as they are, there may
be caves for thousands of years in which his
shadow is shown.—And we—we still have to
defeat his shadow!"
"Have you not heard of
that madman, who lit a
lantern in the bright
morning, ran to the
market and cried
incessantly: —ʻIʼm looking
for God! Iʼm looking for
"God is dead! God remains
dead! And we killed him!
How can we comfort
ourselves, the murderers of
all murderers? ...Isnʼt the
size of this deed too large
for us? Donʼt we have to
become gods just to
appear worthy of it?"
"What do you
the weights of all
things must be
"What does your
conscience say?— ʻYou
are to become the
person you are.ʼ"
Thoughts are the shadows of our
feelings—always darker, emptier,
Is there still such a thing as up or
down? Don't we wander as through
an infinite nothing?
Mere anarchy is loosed upon the
world, The blood-dimmed tide is
loosed, and everywhere The
ceremony of innocence is drowned....
Consume my heart away; sick with
desire And fastened to a dying animal
It knows not what it is; and gather me
Into the artifice of eternity.
"The darkness drops
again; but now I
know That twenty
centuries of stony
sleep Were vexed to
nightmare by a
rocking cradle, And
what rough beast, its
hour come round at
to be born?"
That is no country for old men. The young
In one another's arms, birds in the trees
—Those dying generations—at their song,
The salmon-falls, the mackerel-crowded seas,
Fish, flesh, or fowl, commend all summer long
Whatever is begotten, born, and dies
Caught in that sensual music all neglect
Monuments of unageing intellect.
An aged man is but a paltry thing,
A tattered coat upon a stick, unless
Soul clap its hands and sing, and louder sing
For every tatter in its mortal dress,
Nor is there singing school but studying
Monuments of its own magnificence;
O sages standing in God's holy fire
As in the gold mosaic of a wall,
Come from the holy fire, perne* in a gyre,
And be the singing-masters of my soul.
And therefore I have sailed the seas and come
To the holy city of Byzantium.
IF you can keep your head when all
about you Are losing theirs and
blaming it on you....
In all that the Law leaveth open, the
word of your Head Wolf is Law.
They promised perpetual peace. They
swore, if we gave them our weapons,
that the wars of the tribes would
cease. But when we disarmed They
sold us and delivered us bound to our
As the creeper that girdles the tree-trunk the Law runneth
forward and back --For the strength of the Pack is the Wolf, and the strength of the Wolf is the Pack.
But it's "Thin red line of 'eroes" when the drums begin to roll.
Ye set your leisure before their toil and your lusts above their need.
On the first Feminian Sandstones we were
promised the Fuller Life
(Which started by loving our neighbour and ended
by loving his wife)
Till our women had no more children and the men
lost reason and faith,
"The gods of copybook headings"
There are only four things certain since Social Progress
began --That the Dog returns to his Vomit and the Sow returns to her Mire, And the burnt Fool's bandaged finger goes wabbling back to the Fire --
I will show you fear in a handful of
A rat crept softly through the
vegetation Dragging its slimy belly
on the bank While I was fishing in the
"April is the cruelest month..."
What are the roots that clutch, what branches
grow Out of this stony rubbish? Son of man, You cannot say, or guess, for you know only A heap of broken images, where the sun beats, And the dead tree gives no shelter, the cricket no relief, And the dry stone no sound of water.
'They called me the hyacinth girl.' Yet when we came back, late, from the Hyacinth garden, Your arms full, and your hair wet, I could not Speak, and my eyes failed, I was neither Living nor dead, and I knew nothing, Looking into the heart of light, the silence.
A crowd flowed over London Bridge, so many, I had not thought death had undone so many
"All things, O priests, are on fire. And what, O
priests, are all these things which are on fire?
"They are the real individuals, their activity and the
material conditions under which they live, both those
which they find already existing and those produced by
their activity. These premises can thus be verified in a
purely empirical way."
"Conceiving, thinking, the mental intercourse of men,
appear at this stage as the direct efflux of their material
behavior. The same applies to mental production as
expressed in the language of politics, laws, morality,
religion, metaphysics, etc., of a people."
"Life is not determined by
consciousness by life."
"Religion is the opiate of the masses."
"They themselves begin to distinguish themselves
from animals as soon as they begin to produce their
means of subsistence...."
each according to his abilities, to
each according to his needs!"
"The philosophers have only
interpreted the world; the point is, to
I get to the end of all the logic about
non-resistance, and there, like an
excluded middle, stands the huge spectre
of man as he is and always will be.
And this spectre stands right beside the
one logical necessity of Tolstoi's and the
other logical necessity of Nietzsche's—
If we could only learn to look on evil as evil, whether it's clothed in
filth or monotony or magnificence
And what we leave here is more than this class; it's the whole
heritage of youth. We're just one generation—we're breaking all the
links that seemed to bind us here...
Here, Heraclitus, did you find in fire and shifting things the prophecy
you hurled down the dead years; this midnight my desire will see,
shadowed among the embers, furled in flame, the splendor and the
sadness of the world.
I don't want to repeat my innocence. I want the pleasure of losing it
There were no more wise men; there were no more heroes; Burne
Holiday was sunk from sight as though he had never lived;
Monsignor was dead. Amory had grown up to a thousand books, a
thousand lies; he had listened eagerly to people who pretended to
know, who knew nothing.
Life was a damned muddle ... a football game with every one off-side
and the referee gotten rid of—every one claiming the referee would
have been on his side....
He found something that he wanted, that he had always wanted and
always would want—not to be admired, as he had feared; not to be
loved, as he had made himself believe; but to be necessary to
people, to be indispensable...
There was no God in his heart, he knew; his ideas were still in riot;
there was ever the pain of memory; the regret for his lost youth—
yet the waters of disillusion had left a deposit on his soul,
responsibility and a love of life, the faint stirring of old ambitions and
"I know myself," he cried, "but that is
Progress was a labyrinth ... people
plunging blindly in and then rushing
wildly back, shouting that they had
found it ... the invisible king—the
élan vital—the principle of
evolution ... writing a book, starting a
war, founding a school....
Youth is like having a big plate of
candy. Sentimentalists think they
want to be in the pure, simple state
they were in before they ate the
candy. They don't. They just want the
fun of eating it all over again.
"When the work of
interpretation has been
completed, we perceive
that a dream is the
fulfillment of a wish."
"...our so-called civilization itself is to
blame for a great part of our misery, and
we should be much happier if we were to
give it up and go back to primitive
"Civilized man has exchanged some part
of his chances of happiness for a
measure of security."
"You are the window through which you see the world."
You see things; and you
say "Why?" But I dream
things that never were;
and I say "Why not?
"Never resist temptation:
prove all things: hold fast that
which is good."
can find agents only
when it wears the
mask of progress."
"The man who listens to
Reason is lost: Reason
enslaves all whose minds are
not strong enough to master
"The reasonable man adapts
himself to the world: the
unreasonable one persists in
trying to adapt the world to
himself. Therefore all
progress depends on the
The love of fairplay is a
spectator's virtue, not a
Activity is the only road to
Nothing can be unconditional:
consequently nothing can be free.
Liberty means responsibility. That
is why most men dread it.
Where equality is undisputed, so
also is subordination.
You cannot believe in
honor until you have
achieved it. Better keep
yourself clean and
bright: you are the
window through which
you must see the world.
Sets with similar terms
Burial Rites Quotes
Burial Rites - Quotes
Other sets by this creator
CE301 Quiz 2
CE301 Final Study Guide
M340L True/False test 2
RTF 305 Exam 1