Government ch. 18
Terms in this set (57)
An opinion disagreeing with the Opinion of the Court
The Opinion of the Court. Announces the court's decision in a case and sets out the reasoning for it
Examples to be followed in similar cases as they arise in lower courts or reach the Supreme Courts.
An order made by the Supreme Court to a lower court, requesting the records of the particluar trial for it review
Writ of certiorari
An Opinion written to make a point that was not made in the Opinion of the Court
he case of Marbury v. Madison, 1803, is a landmark case because it.
asserted the priciple of judicial review
detailed written statements about a case that are filed with the court
a request by a lower court for the Supreme Court to certify the answer to a question about proper procedure or rule of law in a case
The importance of Marbury v. Madison case
-Established the power of the judicial review, which increased the role of the judicial branch in shaping the development of the American Government
one who inititiates a suit
the party against whom a suit is brought
List of cases to be heard
Case that involves some noncriminal matter
A case where a defendant is tried for committing some action that Congress has declared by law to be a federal crime
The authority of a court to hear a case
The lower federal courts, beneath the Supreme Court
it has jurisdiction over Involving two or more states and affecting ambassadors and public ministers.
Supreme Court jurisdiction
decides whether laws are unconstitutional (judicial review)
the authority to hear cases for the first time
friend of the courts briefs- filed by persons or groups who are not parties to a case but have interest
satisfaction of a claim payment
site of criminal and civil trials at the Federal level
Federal District courts
they are nominated by the president and approved by the Senate
selection of federal judges
How many justices must agree to grant a writ of certiorari before the Supreme Court will accept an appeal?
How many justices are required for a case to come before the Supreme Court?
4/9ths vote. four of the nine Justices must vote to accept a case.
Which court handles the most federal cases?
Which court type hears the most original jurisdiction cases in the federal system?
What is the highest appeals court in the United States?
What is the purpose of the writ of certiorari?
It is an order from a higher court for a lower court to produce a certified record of a case.
To grant certiorari, the Supreme Court requires that four justices must agree to review the case, a custom called the
Rule or four
The Supreme Court receives approximately how many appeals annually?
Why did Congress pass the Federal Judiciary Act of 1789?
To create all lower federal courts or district courts
Each federal judge is appointed for life by the president and is
confirmed by the Senate
Appellate courts review which aspect of lower court decisions?
how the lower court applied law
What is the first step required of petitioners once the Supreme Court accepts their appeal?
Filing a written brief with the Court
Federal judges may retire at age 65 with full salary for life after
at least 15 years of service.
Why did Congress create the courts of appeals in 1891?
The Supreme Court had too many cases to hear.
Who is responsible for compiling the discuss list of case subject to Supreme Court review?
The Supreme Court has original Jurisdiction in all cases in which
Constitutional issues are at stake
The "rule of four" concerns
Who decides which justice will write a majority opinion
is Not a true statement about amicus circus briefs?
They cite legal precedents to persuade the Court of a certain point of view.
The United States Government can be sued only if it consents to be sued. t/f
The special courts are also sometimes called "legislative courts"
The United States Tax Courts hears only civil cases
Before 1855, a person with a claim against the United States Government could secure payment only through an act of Congress t/f
Decisions of the Court of Veterans Appeals cannot be appealed to any higher court t/f
is Not under the jurisdiction of the territorial court?
What is the definition of the term redress?
The satisfaction of a claim
is Not a true statement about the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forecs
its members are high-ranking military officers from each of the armed services
The territorial courts are comparable to
local trial courts
the tax court
hears only civil tax cases
is a formal process in which an official is accused of unlawful activity, the outcome of which, depending on the country, may include the removal of that official from office as well as criminal or civil punishment.
The judicial system for the District of Columbia includes a _____________ _____________ and a ________________ of ________________
Superior Court, Court of Appeals
a court to which appeals are taken in a federal circuit or a state.
Court of appeals
a place where justice is administered. a judicial tribunal duly constituted for the hearing and determination of cases. a session of a judicial assembly.
Creation of courts
is an inquisitorial system based on charges brought by military authorities, prosecuted by a military authority, judged by military officers, and sentenced by military officers against a member of an enemy army.
A court in the state judicial system, rather than the federal judicial system, that decides cases involving state law or the state constitution. State courts are often divided according to the dollar amount of the claims they can hear.
are tribunals established in territories of the United States by the United States Congress, pursuant to its power under Article Four of the United States Constitution, the Territorial Clause.