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bolded words in Chapter 7.
Terms in this set (27)
soundproofed enclosure, somewhat larger than a camera, in which the camera may be mounted so that its sounds do not reach the microphone
actor and characters he or she has played; star embodies image created by studio (during studio system era) to coincide with the kind of roles associated with the actor. Reflect social and cultural history of the periodd
every six months, studios reviewed an actors seven years option contract. If the actor had made progress in being assigned roles and demonstrating box office appeal, than the studio picked up the option to employ the actor for the next six months, if not, the studio would drop the option and the actor was out of work
- contract did not allow renegotiation of salary, moving to another audio, or stopping working
-restrictive clauses; studio total control over actor's actions including what they do role-wise along with their image (interviews, etc)
Four Classes of Performers
• Small parts, worked for brief time, simple contract if any for each role, no screen credit
• Large talent pool, short term contract, received 50-350 per week, often screen credited
• Performed principal roles, annual contracts specified min and max # of pics, received salary, given screen credit
Encourages actors to speak, move, and gesture not in a traditional stage manner but just as they would in their own lives
-Ideal for representing convincing human behavior on stage and on screen, new level of realism
-Stanislavsky System- trained students to strive for realism, both social and psychological, bring past experiences and emotions to roles (Russian Method Acting)
cast in particular kind of roles because of their looks or "type" rather than for their acting talent or experience
process of choosing and hiring actors for a movie, and there are various ways to do it such as preproduction, during (script created for actor), casting director, agencies, etc.
• Factors Involved in Casting
Type of role, how actors strengths and weaknesses relate
Budget and expected revenues
Gender, race, ethnicity, and age
trial filming during casting
main, features, lead roles. Principal agents in moving plot forward, sdcenes, screen cedit, etc
look reasonably like actors in height and build to stand in for them during tedious process of preparing setups or light readings
double for them during scenes with special skills
supporting roles, second in hierarchy, help move plot forward, may be as important as major roles, generally not in as many scenes...may act in character roles
distinct character types, stereotypes, cop, doctor, etc.
small speaking parts
crowd roles, no screen credit
small but significant roles by famous actors
smaller roles, highly recognizable actors or personalities
realistic, actors strive for appropriate, expressive, coherent, and unified characterizations, recognizable and plausible human behavior, look like characters, think, speak, act, etc.
Non Naturalistic Style
excessive, overexagerated, overacted, strange costumes, outlandish, etc.
Should not think theyre watching something actually happening before them; limit identification with characters (Alienation effect, distancing effect) i.e. breaking fourth wall
extemporizing—delivering lines based only loosely on the written script of without the preparation that comes with studying a script before rehearsing—movie acting- or playing through a moment that was a mistake- professional grace under pressure
emphasizes the interaction of actors, not the individual actor—evolved as a further step in creating versimilar mise-en-scene for both the stage and the screen
Active vs Passive
Active- commenting on something just said or done, reminds us who is in focus of scene
Passive- revealing an actors beauty
look or act naturally like the character he or she portrays, behave as if they re not acting, transparency, character is so clearly recognizable actor became invisible
Inherent Thoughtfulness or Emotionality
actor conveys through process of feelings behind characters actions or reactions
use appropriateness and inherent thoughtfulness/emotionality to create a characterization that holds together
- behavior must be intrinsic, not extraneous to the character maintaining coherence of manner and fit betweens eating, costume, and behavior
wholeness and unity
actor maintained illusion of seamless character, don't want confusion
alienation effect/distancing effect
opposite of naturalistic- limit the audiences identification with characters and events
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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