During an acute reaction to a negative stress situation is released into the blood stream, causing
Adrenaline, muscles to become more responsive
Athletes who sustain injuries that disable them from performing may experience:
All of the above (fear, depression, anger)
Deterioration in the usual standard of performance, chronic fatigue, indigestion, and inability to sleep often accompany
Which of the following mood disorders can be treated with light therapy?
Seasonal affective disorder
In which of the phases of rehabilitation does the patient feel fearful and may be in denial?
Injury and or illness are stressors and the athlete's ability to cope with these stressors depends on the athlete's:
The method of relaxation characterized by recognizing muscular tension and consciously releasing that tension is the method.
An athlete that is having sleep disorders, depression, emotional instability, increased sweating, disturbed appetite and digestion is showing signs of:
Exercise abstinence syndrome
If a uniform becomes saturated with blood, what is the proper action that should be taken for the athlete to continue participation?
The uniform should be changed immediately
Which of the following substances is appropriate for cleaning tables in the athletic training room?
A 1:10 solution of bleach and water
To protect an athlete from disease transmission, the USOC recommends:
They shower immediately after practice
What type of dressing is most beneficial in providing a barrier against disease transmission and keeps the wound moist which is conducive to healing?
A grade II lateral ankle sprain indicates damage to which ligaments?
Anterior Talofibular and Calcaneofibular
When squeezing the calf muscle with the leg extended and the foot hanging over the edge of the table, you are performing which test for Achilles tendon rupture?
When a fracture of the lower leg is suspected, what test can be done to reaffirm your suspicions?
A condition that occurs when the tissue fluid pressure has increased because of the confines of the fascia and/or bone resulting in compression of the muscles, nerves, and blood vessels is called:
Which of the following is a sprain that results from forceful external rotation of the ankle?
A common mechanism of injury for peroneal tendon subluxation is:
Forced Plantarflexion and Inversion
A common injury in the lower leg of athletes or joggers who run downhill for an extended period of time is:
Anterior Tibialis Tendinitis
The ligament that protects the knee from a valgus stress and external rotational forces is the:
Q angles that exceed degrees can be considered excessive and can lead to a pathological condition in the patella.
The ligament injury of the knee generally considered to be the most serious involves the:
A drawer test with the lower leg internally rotated indicates possible damage to:
Lateral collateral ligament and posteromedial capsule
When measuring for a functional leg-length discrepancy, one should take the measurements from:
The umbilicus to the medial malleolus
The mechanism of injury that leaves the posterior cruciate ligament at greatest risk for injury is:
Landing on the anterior aspect of the bent knee with the foot plantarflexed
Improper care of a thigh contusion leading to incomplete absorption of the hematoma, which later produces formation similar to cartilage or bone, is called:
Myositis ossificans traumatica
An avascular necrosis of the femoral head seen in children 3 to 12 years of age is called:
An injury that results from a blow to an inadequately protected iliac crest and produces an extremely handicapping injury is the:
In managing a hamstring strain, which of the following should be avoided?
Stretch by ballistic movements
The strongest ligament of the body that prevents hyperextension of the hip is called the:
When an athlete walks into the athletic training room you notice that he/she is walking with the toe in. This could be a result of:
To measure anatomical discrepancy of leg length, measurements are taken between the medial malleoli and the:
Anterior superior Iliac spine
Provides air-tight contact for the ultrasound transducer head with the skin and a
friction-proof surface on which to glide.
The length of time that the current is actually flowing. (Also known as pulse width or pulse duration.)
Massage technique in which the fingers and thumbs move in circular patterns, stretching the underlying tissue and thus increasing circulation of the part.
Alternating vasoconstriction and vasodilation in the body's effort to prevent tissue damage from cold.
Process whereby ions in solution are carried through the intact skin by an electrical current.
A lowÄfrequency, lowÄintensity that is used to stimulate the healing process in both soft tissue
and bone by altering the electrical activity individual cells.
The ability of the electrical stimulating unit to change or alter the magnitude or duration of a
Momentary loss of function caused when cold is applied to a part that has motor nerves close
to the skin.
paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria
Rare disease that occurs minutes after cold exposure; may lead to
renal dysfunction, hypertension, and coma.
Massage technique in which soft tissue is held between the thumb and forefinger and is
alternately rolled, lifted, and twisted to loosen tissue and stimulate drainage.
Electrical current produced by applying pressure to certain crystals such as quartz.
Condition in which cold exposure causes vasospasm of the digital arteries
lasting from minutes to hours, or possible death.
Small hyperirritable area within a muscle in which nerve impulses bombard the central
nervous system and are expressed as a referred pain; may be active or latent.
Force that moves current along a conductor: 1 volt is the amount of electrical force required to
send a current of 1 amp through a resistance of 1 ohm.
A graphic representation of the shape, direction, amplitude, and direction of a particular
arthrokinematics (accessory motions)
Motion occurring between articulating surfaces of a joint moving through a physiologic range of motion.
Uses a fixed speed with accommodating resistance to provide maximal resistance throughout the range of motion.
kinetic chain activities
A concept dealing with the anatomical functional relationships that exist in the extremities.
Ability to sustain muscle contractions at a submaximal effort over a period of time.
Constant sensory information for essential reflex adjustments of muscle actions and for
awareness of position and movement.
proprioceptive neuromusclular facilitation (PNF)
Rehabilitation method that increases motor activity
by stimulation of the proprioceptors.
Restoration of an athlete to the level of preinjury fitness through a carefully designed
program of therapeutic exercise.
Chemical agent that is produced by microorganisms that interfere with metabolic processes of pathogenic organisms.
Agents that block sympathetic nerve endings; produce relaxation of blood vessels and
decrease contractility of the heart.
Agents that applied locally to produce an inflammatory reaction for the relief of deeper
Unfavorable reactions caused by administering a drug more quickly than it can be
metabolized; drug accumulates in the system.
Substance in which a drug is contained: it provides a means for transporting the drug
through the body.
Oily or fatty substances that are rubbed onto the skin resulting in a local or systemic reaction.
The study of drugs and their origin, nature, properties, and effects on living organisms.
The state of drug adaptation that manifests as the development of tolerance and, when the drug is removed, causes withdrawal.
Property of drugs that causes them to be more effective when used together than either would be when used alone.
The drive to repeat the ingestion of a drug to produce pleasure or to avoid discomfort.
Agents that redden the skin by increasing local circulation through dilation of blood vessels.
Property of drugs resulting in greater effects when Ädrugs are combined than when they are used alone.