a person who holds religious beliefs in conflict with the dogma of the Roman Catholic Church
16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
Missouri border ruffians crossed into the Kansas to vote against slavery (led by John Brown) - severely divided the fledgling state
abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800-1858)
Henry David Thoreau
American transcendentalist who was against a government that supported slavery. He wrote down his beliefs in Walden. He started the movement of civil-disobedience when he refused to pay the poll-tax to support the Mexican War.
United States writer of novels and short stories mostly on moral themes (1804-1864), Originally a transcendentalist; later rejected them and became a leading anti-transcendentalist. He was a descendant of Puritan settlers. The Scarlet Letter shows the hypocrisy and insensitivity of New England puritans by showing their cruelty to a woman who has committed adultery and is forced to wear a scarlet "A".
william Cullen Bryant
a puritan who wrote "Thanatopsis" at the age of 16, which was one of the first high quality poems produced in the US, he also edited the "NY Evening Post"
A black slave, had lived with his master for 5 years in Illinois and Wisconsin Territory. Backed by interested abolitionists, he sued for freedom on the basis of his long residence on free soil. The ruling on the case was that He was a black slave and not a citizen, so he had no rights.
Confederate States of America
the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861, the confederation formed in 1861 by the Southern states after their secession form the Union., South Carolina, Texas, Mississippi, Florida, Alabam, Georgia, Louisiana in 1861
Battle of Bull Run
First bloodshed of the Civil War, July 21, 1861. Va. (outside of D.C.) People watched battle. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson: Confederate general, held his ground and stood in battle like a "stone wall." Union retreated. Confederate victory. Showed that both sides needed training and war would be long and bloody.
General Robert E. Lee
Commander of Confederate Army. Great leader, Lincoln wanted him as the leader of the Union Army
General Ulysses S. Grant
The lead general of the Union Army. He was brave and bold. His daring attacks and recklessness lost him many men.
The former name for the sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick, emphasizing the last anointing before death
acute contagious infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae--throat and respiratory infection.
Army of the Potomac
Name for the major Union force deployed near Washington, commanded by General McClellan during the Civil War.
Trinitrotoluene, an explosive consisting of a yellow crystalline compound that is a flammable toxic derivative of toluene noun.