Ch.14, The Civil Rights Movement, 1945-1975
Vocabulary from Ch.14, The Civil Rights Movement
Terms in this set (26)
de jure segregation
segregation that is imposed by law
de facto segregation
segregation (especially in schools) that happens in fact although not required by law
This man was the chief lawyer for the NAACP and later became the first black Justice on the Supreme Court.
Brown v. Board of Education
court found that segregation was a violation of the Equal Protection clause "separate but equal" has no place
United States jurist who served as chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1891-1974)
Civil Rights Act of 1957
Primarily a voting rights bill, was the first civil rights legislation enacted by Republicans in the United States since Reconstruction.
United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national civil rights movement (born in 1913)
Montgomery bus boycott
In 1955, after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a city bus, Dr. Martin L. King led a boycott of city busses. After 11 months the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public transportation was illegal.
Martin Luther King Jr.
U.S. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. A noted orator, he opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Nobel Peace Prize (1964)
nonviolent protests in which a person sits and refuses to leave
Student Nonviolent Coordination Comittee
On February 1, 1960, a group of black college students from North Carolina A&T University refused to leave a Woolworth's lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina where they had been denied service. This sparked a wave of other sit-ins in college towns across the South. The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, or SNCC (pronounced "snick"), was created on the campus of Shaw University in Raleigh two months later to coordinate these sit-ins, support their leaders, and publicize their activities.
James H. Meredith (born June 25, 1933) is an American civil rights movement figure. He was the first African American student at the University of Mississippi, an event that was a flashpoint in the American civil rights movement.
Bus trips taken by both black and white civil rights advocates in the 1960s. Sponsored by the Congress of Racial Equality, freedom rides in the South were designed to test the enforcement of federal regulations that prohibited segregation in interstate public transportation.
Director of the NAACP in Mississippi and a lawyer who defended accused Blacks, he was murdered in his driveway by a member of the Ku Klux Klan.
March on Washington
held in 1963 to show support for the Civil Rights Bill in Congress. Martin Luther King gave his famous "I have a dream..." speech. 250,000 people attended the rally
a tactic for delaying or obstructing legislation by making long speeches
Civil Rights Act of 1964
This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places.
A campaign in the United States launched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African American voters as possible in Mississippi, which up to that time had almost totally excluded black voters.
Fannie Lou Hamer
Civil rights activist who worked to give black Americans voting rights. Hamer organized the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party in 1964 to challenge white domination of the Democratic Party
Voting Rights Act
1965 act which guaranteed the right to vote to all Americans, and allowed the federal government to intervene in order to ensure that minorities could vote
It outlawed taxing voters, i.e. poll taxes, at presidential or congressional elections, as an effort to remove barriers to Black voters.
Created in July, 1967 by President Lyndon B. Johnson to investigate the causes of the 1967 race riots in the United States.
Previously known as Malcom Little. Joins the Black Muslims after a stint in jail in his 20's. Adopts new last name to recognize that his real last name was lost in slavery
Nation of Islam
a religious group, popularly known as the Black Muslims, founded by Elijah Muhammad to promote black separatism and the Islamic religion.
the belief that blacks should fight back if attacked. it urged blacks to achieve economic independence by starting and supporting their own business.
Led by Bobby Seale and Huey Newton, they believed that racism was an inherent part of the U.S. capitalist society and were militant, self-styled revolutionaries for Black Power.