12 terms

Hominins

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homo-, hom-, hum-
morpheme: Latin for "human" or "man"
hominins
humans and their upright-walking ancestors
--NOT those that evolved on the "ape/chimp" path
hominids
the group consisting of all modern and extinct Great Apes (that is, modern humans, chimpanzees, gorillas and orang-utans plus all their immediate ancestors)
Australopithecus afarensis
--"austral (southern) pith (ape) from the Afar region of Ethiopia"
--"Lucy" = first/most famous fossil find
--small hominid from 3-4 million years ago
--looked and behaved more like a chimp than a human
Homo habilis
--"man of skill or ability"
--first tool maker
Homo ergaster
--"working man"
--found in Africa
--noted for his hand-axe
Homo erectus
--"upright man"
--same as Homo ergaster except found in Asia
--no hand axe (no need--they had bamboo)
Homo floresiensis
"Flores Man"
--discovered in 2003 on the Indonesian island of Flores
--nicknamed "the Hobbit"--average height is between 3 and 4 feet tall
--lived until at least 50,000 years ago
Homo neandertalenesis
Neanderthal Man
--"man from the Neander Valley"
--1st to bury their dead
--had contact with and produced offspring with homo sapiens
Denisovan or
Denisova Hominin
--A human relative who lived on earth and interacted with both modern humans and Neanderthals.
--Named for the cave in Siberia (Russia) where the bones were found
--DNA shows they're closely related to Neanderthals, but are distinctly different.
--Scientists found a perfectly preserved pinkie finger from a 5-7 year-old female and an adult tooth. The fossils are about 30,000 years old.
Cro-Magnon
--archaic (ancient) homo sapiens
--1st to create art
Homo sapiens
--"wise man"
--modern human
--the only hominin left

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