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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. types of genetic engineering
  2. translation
  3. sexual reproduction
  4. for mutations to be inherited by offspring (sexual reproduction)...
  5. gene expression
  1. a -every body cell contains a complete set of identical genetic instructions
    -cells have selective activation of only the genes necessary for that cell
    - the environment can also affect the expression of genes
  2. b they can only be in sex cells, only sex mutations in sex cells can be inherited
  3. c going from mRNA to protein
  4. d contain half their genetic code from one parent and half from the other, making them similar but NOT identical
  5. e selective breeding and gene manipulation

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. producing domestic animals and new variations of plants with desirable traits
    -animals are breed to contain less fat
    -fruits to be larger, sweeter, and longer lasting
  2. is the passing on of genetic information from one generation to the next through reproduction
  3. applying technology to biology, has been around for thousands of years
  4. weak hydrogen bonds with may be broken to split into DNA into two single strands
  5. a template for a new DNA molecule to be made

5 True/False questions

  1. asexual reproductioncontain half their genetic code from one parent and half from the other, making them similar but NOT identical

          

  2. mutationan alteration in a sequence of DNA
    -change the normal message carried by the gene, causing a defect
    - they are random
    -affect the synthesis of proteins, which causes malfunctions in the cell. EX.) sickle cell anemia is caused by a substitution in the cell
    -can cause cell death

          

  3. genesis an organic molecule made of many small subunits called nucleotides (monomers)
    -double helix molecule

          

  4. genetic recombinationa new technology used to alter the genetic instructions of organisms

          

  5. genetic engineeringa new technology used to alter the genetic instructions of organisms