Chapter 26 World War I and the Russian Revolution
Terms in this set (29)
a nonbinding agreement to follow common policies
glorification of the military
Alsace and Lorraine
provinces on the border of Germany and France
final set of demands
prepare its military forces for war
supporting neither side in a war
a deadlock in which neither side is able to defeat the other
large gas-filled balloons used to bomb the English coast
German word for submarine
groups of merchant ships protected by warships
a vital strait connecting the black sea and the mediterranean
Supported Arab revolt, Led guerilla raids against turks, dynamited bridges and trains
the draft for young men to be applied in military service
"The future belongs to peace"
"I shall not live to see the great war, but you will see it and it will start in the east"
Chancellor Otto von Bismarck
What two large alliances took shape before the beginning of World War I?
The Triple Alliance between Italy, Germany, Austria-Hungary and The Triple Entente between France, Britain and Russia
How did international competition and nationalism increase tensions in Europe?
Overseas the competition for colonies divided European nations and brought France and Germany to brink of war in morocco. As the international tensions grew the great powers began to build up their armies and navies. The fiercest competition was the rival tensions between Britain and Germany. Nationalism also caused tension. It was strong in both Germany and France.
What happened because of the assassination of Francis Ferdinand and his wife?
Austria sent Serbia an ultimatum. Serbia agreed to most of the demands but did not allow Austria take part in the investigation in Serbia.
How did the alliance system deepen the original conflict between Austria-Hungary and Serbia into a general war?
The alliance system drew other great powers into the conflict. Serbia called on Russia to be their ally and after Austria didn't comply with softening its demands Russia began to mobilize. In return Germany declared war on Russia who then appealed to France and soon after Germany decided to also declare war on them as well.
Why were young men on both sides eager to fight when World War 1 started?
Patriotism was high and men were eager to fight for justice and their country. With the women cheering and their elder cheering them on going to war seemed like a new adventure.
How did the Allies stop the Germans from executing the Schlieffen Plan
The Germans' Schlieffen Plan failed for several reasons. First, Russia mobilized more quickly than expected. After a few small Russian victories, German generals hastily shifted some troops to the east, weakening their forces in the west. Then, in September 1914, Bristish and French troops pushed back the German drive along the Marne River.
What made World War 1 much more deadly that previous wars?
During World War 1, advances in technology, such as the gasoline-powered engine, led the opposing forces to use tanks, airplanes, and submarines against each other. Also poison gas was introduced into the war leaving its victims blinded and it also left agonizing burns and blisters behind.
In what way was the Eastern Front different from the Western Front?
On Europe's Eastern front battle lines shifted back and forth, sometimes over large areas. Even though the armies were not mired in trench warfare the casualties on the Western Front rose even higher.
How did World War 1 affect the Ottoman Empire and European colonies and dominions?
After World War I, Ottoman Empire broke apart, with the Turks confined to Asia Minor (Turkey). Other European colonies broke away as well. The Ottoman Empire lost territories. German colonies in Africa and Asia became overrun by the Allies. They also turned to their own colonies and dominions for troops, laborers, and supplies.
Why was it important for both sides to keep civilian morale high during the war?
Total war demanded that civilians work tirelessly to produce and conserve goods needed to keep the war going. If civilians were unhappy, they might not work well or they might create domestic unrest that would unset war plans and demoralize soldiers. Total war demanded that civilians work tirelessly to produce and conserve goods needed to keeps the war going and without the morale people would get tired of the sacrifices that they were making in order to support the troops.
How did Russia's loss of morale affect the strategic position of the Allies in World War 1?
The loss of morale in Russia caused riots and eroded public confidence that would eventually lead them to pull out of the war. Their withdrawal caused immediate affects because now Germany could concentrate on its forces on the Western Front.
What are three factors that led the United States to enter the war?
1) The sinking of the Lusitania. (2)The United States shared a cultural history and language with Britain and sympathized with France. (3)The Zimmerman note that was intercepted by British Intelligence and transmitted to the American government by the Brits infuriated Americans. It proposed that Germany would help Mexico reconquer the lost territory in New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona in return for Mexican support against the United States
Why did Germany ask for an armistice in November 11, 1918?
Because they knew they couldn't win