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the monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
a member of a Semitic people originally from the Arabian peninsula and surrounding territories who speaks Arabic and who inhabits much of the Middle East and northern Africa
City where Muhammed took over after returning from Bedouin. Muhammed was originally from here and it was a large center for trade throughout the Middle East
The City that Muhammed took his followers to strengthen their religion and returned years later to Mecca
Holy site for Muslims in Mecca that contained a "holy rock" built by Abraham There must be peace at all times around this area what many Muslims make a journey to
captured Constantinople in 1453 and rename it Istanbul; as a result the Byzantine people flee to Italian City-States which becomes a catalyst for the expansion of language and art. One of the Splinter dynasties
A shi'ite muslim dynasty that ruled in Persia (Iran and parts of Iraq) from the 16th-18th centuries that had a mixed culture of the persians, ottomans and arabs. One of the Splinter dynasties
prayer 5 times a day
facing Kaba (Mecca)
cleansing ritual before prayer
repeating parts of the Quran
pillar of islam; muslims are required to pay a tax yearly on property and walth, and this is to be distributed to the poor
the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state considered to be a representative of Allah on earth
one of the two main branches of orthodox Islam, the branch of Islam whose members acknowledge Ali and his descendants as the rightful successors of Muhammad
one of the two main branches of orthodox Islam, a member of the branch of Islam that accepts the first four caliphs as rightful successors to Muhammad
A dynasty that ruled the Muslim Empire from 661 to 750 and later established a kingdom in al-Andalus.
a dynasty of calphis ruling at Baghdad, a.d. 750-1258 claiming descent from Abbas, uncle of Muhammed
A Muslim leader of Ghur who defeated Hindu armies made Delhi, the third largest city of India, his capital.
dome of the rock
Muslim shrine containing the rock from which Mohammad is believed to have risen to heaven; Jews believe Abraham prepared to sacrifice his son Isaac on the rock
nomadic Turks from Asia who conquered Baghdad in 1055 and allowed the caliph to remain only as a religious leader. they governed strictly
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