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Politics of the United States
Terms in this set (76)
Types of Government
Autocracy, Monarchy, Dictatorship, Oligarchy, Theocracy, Democracy, Direct Democracy Republic.
Rule by the few
Rule by one
People directly vote
People elect representatives to vote on their behalf
Rule by a king or queen
The idea that government is created by and subject to the will of the people.
Ultimate supreme power in a state, in the United States, soverignty rests with the people.
States and the Federal Government divide and shares power.
States have more power then the government.
The formal institutions and process though which decisions are made for a group of people.
Functions of Government
Ensures National Security, Maintains order, Resolves Order, Resolves Conflict, Provides Services, and Provides for the Public Good.
What is Laissesz Faire's style of leadership?
Executive and Legislative branches are combined.
Has a president that is elected by the people for a limited term of office. (Head of the executive branch)
Following established rules and guidelines before taking away someones life.
1st established document to limit power of the English monarch. (First form of a constitution.)
Belived in natural laws and rights. Social contract theory.
Separation of Powers.
Checks and Balances
3 Branches of Government.
Articles of Confederation Structure
1st plan of government. 9/13 states had to agree to change laws.
Articles of Confederation Weaknesses
Weak government, no power to tax, one state could tax another, different currency, no separation of powers, and no national court.
Soldiers where not being paid by the government after war because the government had no money due to no government taxes.
Virginia Plan VS. New Jersey Plan
Bicameral legislature, 3 branches, strong central government.
New Jersey Plan
Protects small states, strong central government.
For every 5 slaves 3 were counted for representation.
Congress could not prohibit the salve trade until 1808, but imported slaves could be taxed.
Ratification of the Constitution
Formal Approval of the Constitution
In favor of the constitution
Against the constitution
Essays written by the federalist to persuade the ratification of the Constitution.
Bill of Rights
Protects the rights of the people. Limits power on the federal government. 1st 10 amendments of the Constitution.
Proposing an Amendment
Congress proposes, 2/3 vote in each house, 67 senators, 290 representatives.
Ratifying an Amendment
3/4 of state legislature must agree to...
Power to determine whether the actions of the legislature and the executive branches of government are constitutional. EX: Marbury VS. Madison
Powers not delegated to the US by the Constitution by States that are reserved. (Balance between the Federal Government and the states.)
Power held by the national and state government.
Federal law over state laws
"Elastic Clause" Stretch the constitution
Full Faith and Credit Clause
States must recognize the the public acts.
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the US
McCulloch VS. Maryland
Necessary and Proper Clause. Maryland Taxed a national Bank
Amendment that abolished Slavery
Makes the rights contained n the Bill of Rights applicable to the States. (Equal Protection Clause)
Amendment that prevent federal and state governments from prohibiting voting rights due to race, color ect.
The New Deal
National Government assumed responsibility for the social and economic welfare of the people.
Returning power to the states
System of spending taxing and providing grants in the federal system.
Grant in Aid
An amount of money given to a local government institution or a particular scholar
"Gift Card" to the state
"Cash" given to the states for what ever they want
Series of declarations that detail the political party's positions on election issues.
Two Party System
Many different party's but only two major party's gain enough support to elect national leaders.
Any other party other then the two major party's
MOST often contributed to the US politics by causing major parties to adopt their ideas.
Barriers the 3rd party candidates
Left out of primary elections, the electoral college, limited access to debates.
Structure district to maintain an advantage in elections
Speaker of the House
Presiding officer to the House
Ratification of all treaties and presidential appointments
Extended debate in the senate to prevent voting on a bill
Executive check on the Legislative
Legislative Check on the Executive (Limited Government)
If the House and the Senate pass two different bills that are similar
"Gibbons VS. Ogden"
Roles of Congress
Declare War, Pass Federal budget, Create and Pass Taxes, Spend money, Approve Treaties.
Bill of Attainder
Law that punishes person without Due Process of Law
Write of Habeas Corpus
A bill that requires a police officer to present a person accused of a crime in court to face the charges.
Pork Barrel Legislation
Increases government funding to their constituents, increasing chances of re-election.
Recommended textbook explanations
United States Government: Democracy In Action
Richard C. Remy
United States Government: Principles in Practice
Luis Ricardo Fraga
Magruder's American Government
William A. McClenaghan
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