How did the wester influence affect Japan?
It became a westernized country that industrialized and became an imperial power
How did the Chinese act towards Western society?
They had disinterest in Europe and wanted to be isolated
What were characteristics of New Imperialism?
Military force, political domination, and social darwinism
What was the most common/persuasive argument against imperialism?
That European control of nonwhites was immoral and hypocritical
What was the most striking difference between new and old imperialism?
New imperialism's formal political control
Why were Jews least likely to return to their native land?
Because of the violent anti-semitism in Eastern Europe
What was decided at the Berlin conference?
Effective occupation as the basis of territorial claims, pledges to stop the slave trade, and recognition of Leopold's personal rule over the Congo
What did anti-imperialism leaders in Africa and Asia do?
Used Western ideologies to shape their movements
What were products of British rule in India?
economic development, improved educational system, a powerful unified state
What were three terms of the treaty of Nanking?
Britain would get the island of Hong Kong, China had to pay an indemnity of 100,000, and China had to open up 4 more cities to foreign trade
What happened to the Manchu Dynasty?
It was on the verge of collapse, but came back because of new and effective leadership, and lessened foreign aggression
Who were the Boxers?
Chinese traditionalists who turned back to ancient practices , political conservatism, and hatred of foreigners
What was the Boxer Rebellion?
When Boxer secret societies rebelled and turned toward ancient practices
What was the Sino-Japanese war?
Between the Japanese and the Chinese, when the Japs easily defeated China.
What was the result of the Sino-Japanese war?
Japan was given Taiwan, and Korea and Manchuria were independent, which left them open for Japanese penetration
What was the Meiji Restoration?
The government abolished old feudal structure, unified the state, and tried to catch up with the West
What sparked rebellion in India?
Animal fat used in bullets because cows are sacred to Hindus and pigs were sacred to Muslims
What were two other names for the Great Rebellion?
The Sepoy rebellion and the Indian war for Independence
What did the Indian National Congress demand?
Complete Independence and the same equality and self government they grant the white settlers
Who was Ghandi and what did he push for?
A leader of the Indian National Congress, and he pushed for a passive resistance
How did the British treat Indians?
They forced them to do hard labor, discriminated against them, but also grand many beneficial reforms
What did Joseph Conrad's "Heart of Darkness" refer to?
The Belgian Congo and how bad it was, along with the conditions. He referred to how Leopold's heart was full of darkness
What was the "white man's burden"?
That it was their duty to spread civilization to backwards people
What was the cause of the Fashoda incident?
Britain and France both wanted the last unclaimed territory of Sudan, they almost went to war over it
Why did William II dismiss Bismarck?
He wanted to control things himself, and because of his friendly relations with Russia
What was the Three Emperors League?
Linked the monarchs of A-H, Germany, and Russia in an alliance against radical movements
What happened when William II didn't renew the Russian-German Reinsurance Treaty?
France began to court Russia, offering loans, arms, and friendship
Why did the Russian-German Reinsurance Treaty form?
Because Russia didn't re-enter the 3 emperors treaty
Who was the "sick man of Europe" and why?
The Ottoman Empire because they were consistently getting weaker
Why did Britain feel threatened by Germany?
Because Germany began to expand its battle fleet, and Britain felt the need to have the biggest one in Europe
What was the Moroccan Crisis?
France controlled Morocco, but Germany wanted it, so they rattled their swords and insisted on and international conference
How did Balkan Nationalism affect WWI?
Many of the Balkan regions wanted autonomy, so they revolted against the Ottomans
What were Serbia's ultimatums from A-H?
They must stop the Black Hand, demanded the dismissal of all Serbian officials and to replace them, and that A-H would go into Serbia and investigate
What does Germany give to A-H and what does it mean?
A "blank check" that basically means Germany will support A-H if they choose to wage war against Serbia
What does A-H decide to do with Serbia, and what do both their allies do?
They decide to declare war on Serbia, and Russia and Germany both begin to mobilize
What happens between Russia and Germany over the Balkans?
Germany declares war on Russia because they were helping the Serbs
Why does Germany declare war on France?
Because they wouldn't stay out of the war between Germany and Russia because they are allies
Why does Italy drop out of the Triple Alliance?
Because it was only supposed to be a defensive alliance
What is involved in the Shlieffen Plan?
Germany enters France through Belgium to quickly defeat France?
Why does Britain join WWI?
Because they have a secret alliance with Belgium, and Belgium's neutrality was violated
What was a stalemate?
A tie, where not on country was gaining a profound amount of land over the other
What was the Zimmerman telegram?
A telegram from Germany to Mexico, proposing an alliance if they tried to enter the U.S. and take land
What was the Easter Rebellion in Ireland?
The Irish tried to revolt and gain their independence, but Britain won
What is a battle of attrition?
Giving everything you have and letting your enemy bleed to death and force them to give up
What is the Armistice Day?
When Germany believes Wilson's 14 points will be the basis of the treaty, so they sign it because there is not harsh repercussions
How was treaties were written at the Versailles conference? And which one was the most famous?
6, and the treaty of Versialle
What was the League of Nations? Who proposed it?
A permanent international organization that would protect member states from aggression and future wars/ Woodrow Wilson