Ch. 3 US History, Navone
Terms in this set (45)
Henry Comstock staked a claim in Six-Mile Canyon, Nevada. The mud turned out to be silver ore, causing miners to go ramped. The town became a boomtown, but once the silver was exhausted the town's economy collapsed and it then went from boomtown to ghost town.
Groups of self-appointed volunteers to band together to track down and punish wrongdoers.
A vast area of government-owned grassland
Passed in 1862, for a $10 fee, an individual could file for a homestead (tract of public land); provided a legal method for settlers to acquire clear title property in the West.
Form of farming technology, spread from the Great Plains to Western Kansas, helped US become world's leading wheat exporter
Indian Peace Commission
Passed in 1867, to end conflict between Native Americans and US Americans, proposed creating 2 large reservations on the Plains, 1 for Sioux and 1 for Plains Indians; federal government would run reservations and US army dealt with defiance, plan failed.
Leader of the Lakota Sioux who helped try to resist the government enforcement on living in reservations; escaped to Canada with his followers
Passed by Congress on 1887, meant to improve treatment of Native Americans, have each head of family 160 acres, 80 to single adults, 40 to orphaned children.
Gross national product
The total value of all goods and services produced by a country
People who risk their capital in organizing and running a business
Alexander Graham Bell
A Scottish inventor with the idea of the telephone, Thomas Watson was his assistant, took 2 years, organized the Bell Telephone Company a year later, modernly known as AT&T.
Invented the phonograph in 1877, then two years later invented the light nils and electric generator as well. His lab over time invented the battery and motion picture.
Pacific Railway Act
Provides for the construction of a transcontinental railroad by 2 corporations, the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroad companies.
An organization owned by many people but treated by law as through it were a single person
A Scottish immigrant who rose from hobbin boy in a textile factory to owner of a steel company in Pittsburgh. Began vertical integration and a monopoly of the steel industry.
Started by Andrew Carnegie, meaning a company with vertical integration owns all of the different businesses in which it depends for it's operation.
Combining many forms engaged in the same type of business into one large corporation, took place when large businesses were in competition.
A company with a monopoly could charge whatever it wanted for it's products, also kept prices low because raising prices would encourage competitions to reappear and offer the products for a lower price.
First leader of the AFL, approached labor relations with "plain and simple" unionism which helped unions to become accepted in American society
Meaning that companies could only hire union members
In NY Harbor, served as the processing center for many immigrants arriving from the East Coast after 1892.
Barracks that houses and processed Asian immigrants
A preference for native born people and a desire to limit immigration
Chinese Exclusion Act
Law passed by Congress that barred Chinese immigration for 10 years and prevented the Chinese already in the country from becoming citizens.
Dark and crowded multi-family apartments
An informal political group designed to gain and keep power that came about partly became cities had grown mush faster than their governments
Getting money through dishonest or questionable means
Corrupt leader of Tammany Hall in the 1860s and 1870s who was eventually imprisoned
Name of the era between 1870-1900 because the era underwent major industrial growth. Name meaning it is covered in good on the outside but made of cheaper material on the inside, meaning the era meant to sparkle but beneath the surface lay corruption.
English philosopher who proposed the idea of Social Darwinism, the reinforcement of the idea of individualism.
The idea of individualism, parallels the economic doctrine of laissez-faire that opposed any government programs that interfered with business;"survival of the fittest"
A movement which strove to improve conditions in cities according to the biblical ideals of charity and justice.
Dwight L Moody
A prominent organizer of theYMCA (Chicago President) who organized revival meetings in other American cities, wrote a gospel hymn with Ira Sankey, strongly supported charities that helped the poor, but rejected both the Social Gospel and Social Darwinism; believed in helping the poor by redeeming their souls and reforming their character.
Middle class establishments that provided medical care, English classes, and hot lunches for the poor residents and immigrants
Booker T. Washington
Founded the Tuskgee Institute in Alabama in 1882 to combat the discrimination with African Americans and having equal educational opportunities
Passed by Congress which set up a civil service system with appointments of candidates based on examinations
Interstate Committee Act
Passed by congress to regulate interstate commerce
A movement to increase farmers' political power and to work for legislation in their interest
William Jennings Bryan
A strong Democratic supporter of silver who ran against McKinley
Ida B Wells
AF. Am. Woman from Tennessee who opposed lynching
WEB Du Bois
Pointed out that the Souls of Black Folk was yet another stab from the a Southern Americans in attempt to strip AF. Am. Of their civil rights
Why did workers try to organize labor unions in the US in the late 1800's?
To help prove to the government that they were capable of helping themselves and opposing it's new active role in regulating the economy.
Angel and Ellis Island, nativism
Plessy vs. Ferguson
"Separate but equal"
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