32 terms

Music test for concert

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Terms in this set (...)

piano
soft (p)
Mezzo piano
medium soft (mp)
Mezzo forte
medium loud (mf)
Forte
Loud (f)
pianissimo
very soft (pp)
Fortissimo
Very loud (ff)
Crescendo
gradually louder
sharp
symbol that raises the pitch of a note one-half step (#)
Dynamics
Varying degrees of loud and soft
rit.
slowing down
Accent
Placed above or below a note to indicate stress or emphasis. (>)
Treble Clef
Most commonly used clefs in choral music. Also called the G clef
staff
(5) horizontal lines and 4 spaces used to notate pitches
Measure
group of beats indicated by the placement of bar lines on the staff
repeat sign
repetition of a section or a composition as indicated by particular signs
tie
curved line over or below two or more notes of the same pitch; first pitch is sung or played and held for the duration of the notes affected by the tie.
slur
a curved line indicating need to connect notes smoothly (legato)
staccato
short and separated
legato
smooth and connected
sforzando
loud or accented, then immediately softer
whole note
4 beats
half note
2 beats
quarter note
1beat
eighth note
1/2 beat
whole rest
4 beats of silence
half rest
2 beats of silence
Fermata
Hold; pause
Diaphragm
Large, flat muscle at the bottom of the chest cavity that helps with breathing
Interval
difference in pitch between two tones
Measure Number
used in music to aide in the location of measures
Tenuto
This symbol indicates play or sing the note at its full value, or slightly longer. It can also indicate a slight dynamic emphasis
Ghost note
A note with a rhythmic value, but no discernible pitch when played. It is represented by an "X" for a note head instead of an oval.
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