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PSCI 203 Final Exam
Terms in this set (60)
What is Congress' role in the governing process?
To make laws; Lawmaking
If the U.S. House of Representatives chooses to impeach a president, who conducts the trial?
What is the size of the current House/Senate?
How long are members of the Senate elected for?
What are the enumerated powers of Congress as listed in Article I, Section 8?
- General Laws
- Organize gov't
4. National Defense
- Declare war
- Regulate POWs
- Raise/Support Armed Forces
What are the different committees?
Standing, select and joint
The idea that representatives out to "Do what I tell them to do" is an example of what kind of model?
How can the senate end a filibuster?
A bill has been approved in the House and Senate, albeit in slightly different versions, goes to what committee?
The trading of votes between members of Congress so that each gets the legislation he or she wants is called what?
What are the term limits for state legislators?
What is the current number of state senators/assembly members we have in California?
Which elected official in California has a role in the state senate similar to the Vice President's role in the U.S. Senate?
How many individuals does a single California state senator represent?
Which part(s) of Congress has the power to confirm presidential appointees subject to their "advice and consent"?
What term refers to the ability of the subcommittees to go through bills line by line and propose amendments?
The highest official in the House of Representatives is given what title?
Speaker of the House
The presidency was created by Article ___ of the U.S. Constitution.
What does the Whig theory of the presidency hold?
That the presidency is a limited office whose occupant is confined by the exercise of expressly granted constitutional powers.
What is the formal staff structure of the White House called?
Executive Office of the President (EOP)
Congress authorized the formal impeachment of what president in the 1800s?
What is Heclo's "the illusion of presidential government"?
The presidential image-building through public relations that contributes to the idea that the president is in charge of the national government.
How did Theodore Roosevelt change the way we think about the presidency?
What is the rally-round-the-flag effect?
Increased short-run popular support of the President during periods of international crisis or war.
What is the unit rule?
All states except Maine and Nebraska grant their electoral votes as a unit to the candidate who wins the state popular vote.
What are the constitutional war powers granted to the President?
The War Powers Act (1973) was enacted in order to do what?
Limit the president's war-making power
What are the formal qualifications to become President?
- At least 35 years-old
- 14 years of residency
- Natural-born citizen
Who is the only other executive official besides the President created by the constitution?
Which president first made use of vetoes on policy grounds?
According to the U.S. Constitution, if no one candidate receives a majority vote of the Electoral College, who chooses the President?
The House of Representatives
The honeymoon period occurs at what point during the President's time in office?
When they are first elected; The first part of their term
What are the duties performed by the bureaucracy?
Help interpret/implement laws
Provide expert advice
Which Article(s) of the Constitution overtly mention the bureaucracy?
Amtrak is an example of what kind of bureaucratic organization?
What is the administrative concept of neutral competence?
Employees are hired and retained on the basis of their skills and are not partisan appointees and are expected to service everyone.
How is the spoils system different form the merit system?
Spoils: Gives government jobs to friends and party hacks
Merit: Hires people based on scores of competitive exams
What was the Pendleton Act?
Requires that government jobs should be awarded on the basis of merit (1883)
What methods can Congress use to reign in the Bureaucracy?
- Agency elimination
What are whistleblowers?
A person who informs on a person or organization engaged in illicit activity (corruption)
Legally, where does the bureaucracy derive general authority for its programs?
What are the different determinants of a bureaucrat's behavior?
- Recruitment and retention
- Personal attitudes
- Roles and mission
- Outside forces
What are the three tiers of bureaucracy?
According to class lecture, the growth of the bureaucracy can be attributed to what factor(s)?
3. The Great Depression & WWII
4. Internal rules of the government
5. Delegation of authority by Congress
What is the "rule of four"?
4 out of 9 justices decides which cases to hear on appeal by writ of certiorari
The Supreme Court invoked what clause of the Constitution in rendering a decision for Bush v. Gore (2000)?
Equal protection clause
What is judicial review?
The power of courts to strike down laws that they judge to be in violation of the federal or state constitutions?
In what case was the judicial review established?
Marbury v. Madison
What is precedent?
A principle/rule established in a previous legal case that is either binding on or persuasive for a court when deciding subsequent cases with similar issues
What determines the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
Article III of the Constitution
What are the three main levels of the federal court system?
1. District courts
2. Courts of Appeal
3. Supreme Court
A strict constructionist interprets the Constitution based on what?
What is explicitly stated in the Constitution
What is the term for a party appealing a holding in a case?
The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in legal disputes involving what/who?
What is a writ of certiorari?
A request to a lower court to submit to the Supreme Court a record of the case it has been requested to hear
How many justices sit on the U.S. Supreme Court today?
Nine; 1 chief justice and 8 associate justices
An amicus curiae ("friend of the court") brief provides a court with the view held by who?
An interest that is not a direct party to the case
What is the independent state doctrine of the California Supreme Court?
When a litigant petitions the U.S. Supreme Court to review the judgment of a state court which rests upon both federal and non-federal law, the federal court does not have jurisdiction over the case if the state ground is "adequate" to support the judgment and "independent" of federal law
The lowest tier of the California state court system is called what?
Superior courts (AKA trial courts)
Precedent, while not an absolute constraint on the courts, is needed to do what?
Maintain legal consistency over time, so confusion and uncertainty about the law can be avoided
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