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ISBB Chapter 4 - Data and Databases
Terms in this set (19)
A broad term for data sets so large or complex that traditional data processing applications are inadequate
Refers to the skills, technologies, practices for continuous iterative exploration and investigation of past business performance to gain insight and drive business planning.
The set of techniques and tools for the transformation of raw data into meaningful and useful information for business analysis purposes.
Data, Information & Knowledge
Data are the raw bits and pieces of information with no context. By adding the context - the raw bits and pieces become information. the data is put into context, aggregated and analyzed, it can be used to make decisions for an organization. The consumption of information produces knowledge.
An organized collection of related information.
Database Management System (DBMS)
Programs that provide user-friendly, interfaces to view and change a database, create queries, and develop reports.
An analytic process designed to explore large amounts of data.
Text, Number, Yes/No, Date/Time, Currency, Paragraph Text and Object are amongst the most common data types to be stored.
Extract data from one or more of the organization's databases and load it into the data warehouse (which is itself another database) for storage and analysis.
Database tables contain fields(columns) and records (rows). Example fields are firstname, lastname, studentID, GPA. It is possible to connect all the tables in the database through the field(s) they have in common.
The process of capturing, developing, sharing, and effectively using organizational knowledge.
Data that describes other data.
To normalize a database means to design it in a way that: reduces duplication of data between tables and gives the table as much flexibility as possible.
Not Only SQL Database. A type of database that operates using means other than relational tables. NoSQL became popular with the growth of Web 2.0 and the need for faster data retrieval.
The unique identifier for each record in a table. For example, social security number or student ID.
Records as the rows of the table.
One in which data is organized into one or more related tables.
Structured Query Languate (SQL)
A computer language that lets people, database developers and others extract information from the database.
Each table has a set of fields, which define the nature of the data stored in the table. Database tables contain fields(columns) and records (rows).
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
ISBB Chapter 3 - Software
ISBB Chapter 5 - Networking and Communication
ISBB Chapter 2 - Hardware
ISBB Chapter 1 - What is an Information System?
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