Terms in this set (72)
What foreign policy philosophy contends that the United States' self-interest is not (or should not be) its only motivating factor in its international decision-making process but that larger moralistic goals such as democratic principles are also to be (or should also be) pursued?
What is the principal foreign policy department in the executive branch?
the Department of State
Why does the United States provide foreign aid?
It can help facilitate international agreements.
Outside of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, how many rotating nations serve on the council?
Congress has various powers at its disposal to force the president to compromise with the legislative branch when their policy goals are in conflict. These powers include all of the following EXCEPT:
Congress's power to send military forces into combat without presidential approval through the War Powers Resolution Act.
U.S. antiterror actions that are not coordinated with other nations are an example of:
Because the president, senior leaders in the Defense Department, and Congress formulate military policy, the U.S. military is said to be under:
A realist is likely to argue that the United States should avoid intervening in foreign nations to protect human rights for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
the United States has a moral duty to ensure human rights for all.
Economic sanctions are often used for the purpose of:
pressuring a country's leaders to change their behavior.
What does the "clash of civilizations" hypothesis suggest?
Terrorism is motivated by hatred of the Western world.
Although the League of Nations was not successful, it led to the creation of:
the United Nations.
What is a common reason that foreign policy making does not always mirror public opinion?
Political knowledge among the public on international affairs is low.
Globalization leads to increases in all of the following EXCEPT:
Numerous nations have coordinated their efforts to deter pirate attacks against civilian shipping. This is an example of:
As a percentage of gross national income (GNI), how much does the United States give in foreign aid as compared to the rest of the developed world?
less than others
Following World War II, some American politicians and scholars argued that the United States would need to be more involved in world affairs to deter future international conflicts. This argument is an example of:
When the United States places the lowest possible tariff on imported goods from a particular country, it bestows on that country:
What alliance, organized by the Soviet Union, was formed in 1949 to provide military security to all of its members?
the Warsaw Pact
What is the Bush Doctrine?
a policy that dictates preemptively striking a nation that threatens the security of the United States
Nuclear bombs, nerve gas, and anthrax are all examples of what?
weapons of mass destruction
Which of the following is NOT a major question raised by globalization?
How does America prevent foreign governments from having undue lobbying influence?
During the Cold War, the United States' shift toward a foreign policy rooted in the principle of internationalism was evident in actions that included all of the following EXCEPT:
U.S. efforts to follow and enforce the Monroe Doctrine.
The House and Senate Intelligence Committees are in charge of:
overseeing the CIA and the NSA.
Organizations such as Freedom House and Amnesty International seek to publicize human rights violations. The foreign policy positions of Freedom House and Amnesty International would likely be supported by a(n):
Even though presidents have significant powers over foreign policy, President Clinton opted not to submit the Kyoto Protocol to Congress in the 1990s because:
the U.S. Senate was unlikely to ratify the Kyoto Protocol, illustrating how the legislative branch can check presidential power.
Huawei's complaints to the United States demonstrate the trade-off between:
business interests and national security.
Isolationism was a dominant foreign policy principle in the United States before World War I for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
the U.S. Constitution originally stipulated that the United States remain neutral in foreign affairs.
One way that the United States helped to end the Cold War was by:
building up the U.S. military, which helped bankrupt the Soviet Union.
An idealist reason for supporting U.S. action against Syria for human rights violations might be:
it is consistent with U.S. moral principles to defend human rights.
North and South Atlantis refuse to negotiate directly with each other, so Quirm negotiates with each separately in an attempt to find an agreement that both North and South Atlantis can live with. This is an example of what?
NATO is an example of a:
The U.S. economy relies heavily on trade with other nations. What is a positive consequence of this?
Some American companies have the ability to increase their profits.
A ________ is an agreement between two nations to work together on economic or security issues, whereas a(n) ________ is an agreement that commits nations to security guarantees.
Gondor and Rohan sign a treaty saying that they will come to each other's aid if attacked. This is an example of what kind of agreement?
Shuttle diplomacy is negotiation:
between two countries who refuse to meet face-to-face.
Who prepares the president's annual budget proposals for federal agencies and departments with foreign policy responsibilities?
Office of Management and Budget
What alliance, organized by the United States, was formed in 1949 to provide military security to all of its members?
The president is considered the dominant actor in American foreign policy for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
the president can declare wars against foreign nations.
An interest group that lobbies Congress to provide more military aid to Israel and to strengthen sanctions against Iran is:
American Israel Public Affairs Committee.
The U.S. economy relies heavily on trade with other nations. What is a negative consequence of this?
It becomes more difficult to shield the U.S. economy from the effects of another nation's hard times.
The Fourteen Points was a plan developed by ________ to prevent future conflict in Europe by establishing secure borderlines and promoting democratic principles, among other provisions.
Some scholars argue that presidents dominate foreign policy as a result of unilateral presidential power. This theory rests on the fact that:
the Constitution does not set explicit limits on what the president can do.
Groups such as the Stop Kony organization try to influence foreign policy:
by bringing increased public attention to a problem.
What do the Committee on Foreign Affairs in the House and the Foreign Relations committee in the Senate do?
write legislation that deals with foreign policy
The authors of the textbook argue that America's early foreign policy was never completely isolationist. All of the following examples support this contention EXCEPT:
the United States engaged in the Civil War in the 1860s.
What foreign policy philosophy contends that the motivating factor of a nation's international decision-making process is (or should be) that nation's own interests?
After the Cold War, how did U.S. involvement in foreign affairs change?
It became more centered on human rights and nation-building efforts.
________ assists countries in managing budget deficits and currency values.
The International Monetary Fund
A reason that realists opposed the invasion of Iraq is that they believed:
it would harm U.S. relations with other Middle Eastern countries.
During the Cold War, what doctrine of military strategy and national security toward the Soviet Union involved the United States maintaining a strong military presence and building a stockpile of nuclear weapons?
mutually assured destruction
The notion that the United States should use military, diplomatic, and economic means to stop the spread of communism is called:
When U.S. Navy ships were sent to monitor North Korea's attempt to launch a satellite into orbit or when the United States launches ongoing drone attacks against Al Qaeda, which foreign policy department is most actively involved in the military action?
the Department of Defense
What did The Truman Doctrine accomplish?
It outlined a containment policy against communism.
________ provides financial support for economic development projects in developing countries.
The World Bank
What are the responsibilities of the Department of Homeland Security?
to coordinate intelligence gathering, secure U.S. borders, and prevent terrorist attacks
Which international agreement aims to stop the spread of nuclear weapons?
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
High tariffs raise the prices of ________, making ________ more attractive to the consumer.
imported goods; domestic products
One issue that started in 1973 with an embargo and was exacerbated by OPEC in 1979 was:
the price and security of the world's oil supply.
American critics of globalization contend that it has:
led to significant losses in U.S. manufacturing jobs.
The National Security Agency:
is a foreign policy agency that gathers intelligence and advises the president.
The federal courts influence foreign policy by:
ruling that certain laws or presidential actions are unconstitutional.
As of 2014, which country is believed to have nuclear weapons without approval from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty?
The 1972 Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty, which limited the growth of U.S. and Soviet missile forces, was a consequence of:
What is the National Security Council responsible for?
developing foreign policy options and presenting them to the president
An idealist would argue that the United States should remain in Afghanistan because leaving the nation could:
lead to a full-fledged Afghani civil war that results in significant suffering for the Afghan people.
What foreign policy philosophy contends that it is in the United States' best interests to pursue foreign relations with other nations out of both self-interest and a moral obligation to intervene during international crises?
Following World War II, some American politicians and scholars argued that the United States would need to be more involved in world affairs specifically because the United States had a moral obligation to preserve world peace. This argument is an example of:
Under President Richard Nixon, the United States and the Soviet Union opened relations with each other. This process was called:
Which of the following would be an isolationist objection to the United States intervening in Syria?
The United States should not be interfering in the affairs of other nations.
The Monroe Doctrine followed the foreign policy principle of:
Largely associated with the Vietnam War, the ________ theory argued that if South Vietnam fell under communist control, then other nations in Southeast Asia would also fall under communist control.
What foreign policy philosophy contends that the United States' best interests are served by avoiding formal agreements and activity with other nations?