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52 terms

chapt 15

STUDY
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what is abnormal backflow of urine fro the bladder to the ureter ccalled
vesicoureteral reflux
which term best describes a distention of the renal pelvis and calyces due to urine that cannot exit into the ureters
hydronephrosis
what is inflammation of the urinary bladder called
cysitis
selet the term that describes a hereditary disorder in which grapelike sacs replace normal kidney tissue
polycystic kidney disease
what is shunting the blood so that is may be filtered known us
dialysis
what is another way of describing the renal calcui
nephrolithiasis
what is a inability to empty the urinary bladder
urinary retention
what is the inability to control the urinary bladder called
urinary incontinence
which term best describes an inflammation of the renal pelvis
pyelonephritis
what is the medical term for urteral stricture
ureterostenosis
what is herniation of the urinary bladder into the vagina called
vesicocele
what is the removal of toxins in blood called
filtration
what is returning water electrolytes and nutrition to the bloodstream called
reabsortion
what is the release of urine from the urinary bladder called
micturiction
what is the term that is synonymous for albuminuria
proteinuria
which term best decribes the specific filtration structur of the urinary system
glomerulus
select the uriary structure that is most closely associated with reabsorbtion of water elctolytes and nutrients
nephron
renal tubulues empty urine into the
renal pelvis
where are glomeruli located?
renal cortex
what is the functional unit of the kidney called
nephron
which of the following terms mean the presence in the urine of abnormally large quantities of protein usually albumin
albuminuria
which of the following term means painful urination
dysuria
which of the following terms means a condition of urinary incontinence sepeciallly aat night in the bed bedwetting
enuresis
which of the following terms means sercetion of a diminished amount of urine in relation of the fluid intake scanty urine output
oliguria
which of the following term means the presence of pus in the urine
pyuria
directs urine to the urinary bladder
ureter
temporary reservoir for urine
urinary bladder
directs urine out of the bladder
urethra
filter blood produce urine
kidneys
directs blood into the kidney
renal artery
takes blood out of the kidney
renal vein
collects urine from the tubules
calyx
diabetes is often often associated with __ the excretion of abnormally large amounts of urine
polyurine
the presence of pus in the urine is known as
pyuria
__ is defined as diminished urine secretion
oliguria
bowmans capsule is also called
glomerial capsal
___ is accomplished by inserting a tube through the uretha into the urinary bladder
catherilization
a urinary tract infection is associated with __ whis blood in the urine
hematuria
___ is the visual examination of the urinary bladder
systopy
essive urination at night is called
nocturia
the _ is a solution that draws fluid and toxins from the blood and across the peritoneal membrane
dialysate
a ___ is the physiscal chemical or microsopic examintaion of the urine
urinaylisis
vcug
voiding cystoourethogram
crf
chronic renal failure
agn
acute glomerular nephritis
ESRD
end stage enal failure diesease
uti
urinary tract infection
gfr
glomerular filtration rate
capd
continous ambulatory peritonal dialysis
ccpd
continous cycling pperitoneal dialysis
kub
kidney urethra and ureters
one of pair tubes that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder
ureter