Qin and han dynasty
Terms in this set (46)
Emperor of Qin dynsaty
Shi huang di
What belief system did shi Huang di choose?
Legalism to solve problems of the warring states
When did shi Huang di become emperor
When his father died however it wasn't so easy moving into power
Who did shi Huang di unify
The warring states
What happened in 221 BCE that was so significant in the Chinese history
Shi Huang di created the first centralized empire
How long did the Qin dynasty last?
What were some major accomplishments of shi Huang di
Great Wall of china
Unified warring states
Shi Huang dis leadership?
His leadership was harsh because he followed rules from the legalism belief system.
Absolute right of command
Ruler has absolute power over people with no rights and it was exercised by responsibility groups
What were responsibility groups?
People who had to tell authorities if someone didn't carry out their assigned duties
What were some of shi Huang dis penalties
Tattooing the face, beatings
Did people like shi Huang di after awhile during his rule?
No they grew to despise him because he gave harsh punishments and laws
Qin dynasty was the origin of what major monument
The Great Wall of china
What time period was the Qin dynasty around
Around Ashoka and his rock edicts
Map of Qin
6 major achievements of Han dynasty
Paper making, printing, magnetic compass, gunpowder, wheel barrow , kite
Civil service exam
Government positions won by merit not wealth or family hood
The exam had questions based off of Confucianism teachings
Examinations to qualify people's qualifications on literature Confucianism and government politics
Invented by MO DI
Made to memorialize the dead
Used kites to scare enemies and measure distance
Originated in China and spread to Europe, India, Western Europe, Africa
Cai Lu created paper
Made of hemp fibers
The wheel barrow
Transport goods to where they needed to go
Zhuge Liang created it
Helped make workloads easier
Used to be used to tell future and help people
Find their way
Invented by Wei Boyang
Started from an alchemist, came from Daosim
Invented by accidentally
Now use for explosives guns etc.
Stone tablet rubbing, was similar to stamps
Used to record religious texts
Han dynasty lasted from
Was Han dynasty a golden age? Why?
Yes because they had many great achievements
Lui ended fighting in between dynasties wanted ____ to rule instead of _____
To govern what did Lui do and create
A synthesis of philosophies
Daosim, Confucianism and legalism
What did the Han keep from legalism ?
Organization- censors who served as spies, standard measurements, language reforms etc
What did Han keep from Confucianism
Referred to the memorized texts and emphasized the importance of family, relationships and education
What did Han keep from Daosim
Allowed people to escape. They could revive spirits by being close to nature and on weekends escaping
Which was the longer dynasty, Qin or Han ?
Was the Chinese more advanced than the west?
Major achievement of han?
Linked Eurasia to North Africa
Not always safe
Hard for people to save money far in advance
What did the Silk Road allow cultures to do?
Blend as goods from China could be brought and sold.
What is mixing of culture called that happened in China
Group of traders
Map of Silk Road
Great Wall of china
Prevented from invasions from the north of barbarians
Towers used for defense and communication
Merchants used it for trade
not as effective as they thought
Did the Great Wall of china succeed?
Shi Huang dis terra cotta warriors how many?
8,000 life size for his tomb
What were the terra cotta warriors purpose?
To protect and be with their master after life
Why did they build statues instead of sacrificing people's lives
Because life was very appreciated after warring states because the poppy atom decreased from violence, they couldn't afford to lose more lives
Why did craftsmen not want to inscribe their names on the warrior they built and why did they anyways
Did- had to do their authorities could check their work
Didn't want to- because if they didn't do a good job they had to either recraft or be punished