13 Jain & Sikh
Terms in this set (72)
What has been the central contemporary issue for jainas in india?
Defining Jaina identity as distinct from hinduism and Jainism as a world religion
What ultimately separates us from god and keeps us trapped in the cycle of rebirth according to sikh tradtiton?
The most fundamental existential problem that prevents the soul from achieving a state of bliss is
Jiva and ajiva are thoroughly enmeshed
What is the second sacred collection of sikhism after aid granth?
The Dasam Granath
How many volunteers initially responded to guru's call forming the nucleus of the newly formed Khalsa?
Kirtan a central part of sikh congressional worship is
The aid Granath the sikh scripture is also known as
Guru Granth Sahib
What are the five mahavrages (great vows) taken by all Jaina ascetics?
Celibacy, non- attachment
According to jain a teaching when was the cosmos created?
It has no point of origin, but it is timeless
Khalsa initiates male and female were given the surnames
Singh and Kaur
What are the five auspicious events to which almost all Jaina cultural expressions are tied
conception, birth,renunciation, omniscience, and moshka in the lives of jains
What do jainas commemorate in the festival of deepavali?
the liberation moshka from mahavira
What is the four fold community of jainism made up of?
Nuns, Monks, laymen and laywomen
For 48 minutes a day jain a devotes practice
samayika, meditation or reflection
What according to the sikh tradition did guru nanak famously proclaim after his mystical experience?
There is no hindu, there is no muslim
Jinas the highest expression of the jaina ideal are also known as
What does the term jina mean?
Victor or conqueror
The most fundamental existential problem that prevents the soul from achieving a state of bliss is that
liva and aliva
The ritual of sallekhana involves
Fasting unto death
What is the langar
the communal meal open to all castes prepared as a community service
What does Mahavira literally mean?
the great hero
The doctrine of anekantavada literally meaning not one sided refers to the idea that
all human truth claims are partial and context bound
The hairmandin Sahib built in the sacred pool of amristar is commonly known as
the golden temple
Through what means did guru Nanak primarily convey the message of liberation?
During what times do devout sikhs pray?
Early morning, evening and bedtime
What does Baisakhi day commemorate in sikh tradition?
The foundation of Khalsa
What according to sikh tradition did nanak receive from god during his mystical experience?
A cup of divine nectar (amrit)
In what region of india did sikhism emerge?
What is symbolized in sikhism by the two swords first donned by guru Hargobind?
the temporal miri and the spiritual piri authority of gurus
The small or lesser vows that govern jain a lay life are called the
As part of sikh services what does hearing receiving the gurus vak saying involve?
opening the aid granth at random and reading the first hymn on the left hand page
The main purpose of jain a practice is to
Purify the soul by impeding the accumulation of new karma and bring off old karma
What script retained by guru angad is the principal form of sikh written language?
Which guru's martyrdom pushed the sikh community in the direction of self consciousness separatism and milantacy?
What did the digambara sect hold that women are ineligible for full membership in the community
It is possible for them to go naked because of social standards
The Jaina canon is known as the
Which guru was the last of the succession of human gurus passing authority instead to the aid granth
Which guru instituted significant reforms leading to greater equality and acceptance of women within sikhism
The two types of karmic particles auspicious and inauspicious are respectively called
Punya and paap
Along with justice what is seen as a key element of sikh ethics?
What is the term for divine order or divine will command central to sikhism
When according to sikh tradition did Nanak have his foundational mystical experience?
When bathing in the vein river
Who do jains refer as the 23rd second most recent nina dating back to the ninth century bce
According to jain tradition jaina teachings are only accessible to what forms of life?
Mahavira is considered the what tirthankam
The most recent of jinas in this time cycle sometimes considered the founder of present jainism is known as
The term svetambara literally means
According to jaina teaching acts of harm even unintentional result in
What are the two main jaina sects?
Digambara and sevtambara
Jainism arrived on the historical scene as part of the same shaman movement that gave rise to what other religion
What 'Seed Formula', the first words of the Adi Granth, constitute a fundamental statement of Sikh belief?
The Mul Mantra
What is the primary ethical duty of Khalsa Sikhs?
Who are known as 'White Sikhs'?
Members of the Sikh Dharma ('3HO') organization in North America who dress in white
The word Sikh means
According to Jaina cosmology, the entire universe is made up of what two broad categories of substances?
Jiva and Ajiva
Which of the following is NOT one of the four types of spiritual authority in Sikhism?
Guru-Gurdwara (temple as Guru)
The term jiva refers to the
eternal soul that each life form possesses
How many human Gurus are there in Sikh lineage?
Every gurdwara has a 'reader' and custodian of the Adi Granth, known as a
Who shares in the langar or communal meal after a Sikh service?
all who are present, sikh and non-sikh
According to the Jaina tradition, the path to happiness, truth, and self-realization is the path of
What would best describe the perfected being in Jaina tradition?
What was unusual or different about the nineteenth Jina (Mallinath), according to Svetambara tradition?
she was female
Who, during the Tan dynasty, wrote the Classic of Filiality for Women, and set out to create a female Confucian tradition?
Which of the following is NOT one of the 'Five Ks' (panj kakke), obligatory symbols worn by Khalsa members?
The Sikh place of worship is known as the
What is the Khalsa?
a special order within the sikh community marked by a special initiation and common identity
Which Guru founded Amrtisar, now the most important Sikh city?
The term 'Digambara' literally means
Which of the following is NOT an obligation on Jaina ascetics, in addition to the five mahavratas?
eating only what they kill themselves
To what does nam refer, on which Sikhs meditate to achieve spiritual liberation?
"the divine Name"
Sikhs celebrate Divali (Deepavali) as a commemoration of
the day when Guru Hargobind was released from imprisonment