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20 terms

Vocab for AP Lit & Comp Set 3

STUDY
PLAY
accidental condition
an element that helps to explain what's being defined but isn't essential to it
ad hominem argument
a fallacy of argument in which a writer's claim is answered by irrelevant attacks on his or her character
analogy
an extended comparison between something unfamiliar and something more familiar for the purpose of illuminating or dramatizing the unfamiliar
anaphora
a figure of speech involving repetition, particularly of the same word at the beginning of several clauses
antithesis
the use of parallel structures to call attention to contrasts or opposites
antonomasia
use of a title, epithet, or description in place of a name
argument
spoken, written, or visual text that expresses a point of view; the use of evidence and reason to discover some version of the truth, the attempt to change someone else's point of view
artistic appeal
support for an argument that a writer creates based on principles of reason and shared knowledge rather than on facts and evidence
assumption
a belief regarded as true, upon which other claims are based
audience
the person or persons to whom an argument is directed
authority
the quality conveyed by a writer who is knowledgeable about his or her subject and confident in that knowledge
backing
the evidence provided to support a warrant
bandwagon appeal
a fallacy of argument in which a course of action is recommended on the grounds that everyone else is following it
begging the question
a fallacy of argument in which a claim is based on the very grounds that are in doubt or dispute
causal argument
an argument that seeks to explain the effect(s) of a cause, the cause(s) of an effect, or a causal chain in which A causes B, B causes C, C causes D, and so on
ceremonial argument
an argument that deals with current values and addresses questions of praise and blame; includes eulogies and graduation speeches
appeal based on character
a strategy in which a writer presents an authoritative or credible self-image to dispose an audience to accept a claim
claim
a statement that asserts a belief or truth; key component in Toulmin argument
connotation
the suggestions or associations that surround most words and extend beyond their literal meaning, creating associational effects
cultural assumption
a belief regarded as true or commonsensical within a particular culture