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37 terms

crim theory

STUDY
PLAY
defiance theory/ labeling
lawrence sherman
feel wronged by cj system, unfair punishment, act badly toward society
wronged by the label
market based
currie
criminality and economic conditions
bonger
peacekeeping criminology
quinney
conflict
marx and engels
conflict theorists
bonger, chamberliss, vold, turk, dahrendorf, currie, sellin, chesneylind
drift/ neutralization
matza and sykes
denial of victim, denial of responsibility, injury
drift between conforming and non conforming
shaming/social reaction/reformulation of labeling theory
braithewaite
primary and secondary deviance/ labeling theory
lemert
moral entrapeneuars, labeling
Becker
those who pass laws to regulate morality, laws are reflected from their beliefs
dramatization of evil, labeling
tannenbaum
once you label someone it sticks with them
critical item is social audience
self-control, general theory
hirschi and gottfredson
\ ability to weigh consequences
lack of self control implies we will engage in crime w/o calculating rikss
social control/bond -- book
hirschi
attachment, commitment, involvement, belief in law and order
"causes of delinquency"
differential opportunity
cloward and ohlin
criminal, conflict, retreatist
status frustration theory/ delinquent boys/ middle class measuring rod
Albert Cohen
general strain theory
Agnew
strain theory
Merton -- took from Durkheim anomie
Colvin
4 types of coercion:
non coercive consistent: pro social, non criminal
non coercive erratic: minor crimes, explore deviant pleasures, lying
coercive consistent: predisposition for mental illness, potential for enraged homicide
coercive erratic: strong probability of chronic crime, serious street crime
greed,egoism, crime
bonger
labeling theory/ social reaction theory
cooley &LEMERT
looking glass self - you construct who you are by what people tell you
symbolic interactionism is reason we label
BECKER
containment theory
reckless,
2 catergories of theories:
push - push individuals to other side of law (strain)
pull- lure people into crime (diff assoc. social learning)
focal concerns theory
walter miller,
toughness,smartness,belongingness,
routine activites theory
cohen and felson,
must have: 1- motivated offender 2- suitable target 3- lack of capable guardian
Classical (detterence, rational choice)
Bentham and Beccaria
punishment should fit crime
no room for rehab
free will and rational
doesnt detter all criminals
maximize pleasure minimize pain
Positive (neoclassical)
durkheim/ lombroso
punishment should fit criminal
rehabilitation
free will, but also outside factors
biological positivism
crime in not learned but in your gentics
lombroso- born criminal, criminaloids,
body types
gluecks
meso-most likely to commit crime, muscular
endo-fat, least likely
ecto- in between, scrawny
chicago school (ecological, loop area)
shaw and mckay
crime product of population density
birthplace of sociology
habitat is strong predictor of crime
collective efficacy
sampson
strong community = less crime
differential association
sutherland/cressey
frequency duration priority intensity
learn tools, motives, drives
social learning
akers, based off diff assoc.
code of street
elijah anderson
crime is subculturally transmitted through codes learn in specific environments
codes, rules, norms
mechanical
durkhiem
homogeneous
dont tolerate crime, strong religion
organic
heterogenous
crime is normal
developed area
rehabiliation
Becker
labeling theorist
wrote: outsiders, becoming a marijuana user, stigma, asylums
unraveling delinquency and crime
persistance
desistance
persistance theory
repeat offending - recidivsim - chronicity of crime