labor is divided
horizontally and vertically
through departmentalization. 'new', bottom up, team approach, decreased level of management, flexible, cross training
through delegation of authority. Traditional, top down, clear lines of authority, increased levels of management, fixed, specific responsibilities
creating departments/ unit
Function, product, equipment
Time or shift
concepts of organization
Span of Management
Formal or Acceptance Authority
Line and staff
span of management
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