Chapter 11: Endocrine System
When blood glucose levels decrease
glucagon is released
The adrenal cortex produce which of the following hormones?
Which of these hormones is released by the thyroid gland?
Increased numbers of red blood cells will result from increases in the hormone known as
Which of the following hormones is essential for maintenance of the immune system?
Which of the following hormones regulates the sodium ion concentration of the blood?
The pituitary hormone that stimulates the mammary glands to prode milk is...
The pituitary hormone that stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce cortisol is...
ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone)
The pituitary hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroxin is...
TSH (Thyroid-stimulating hormone)
Which of the following hormones, if elevated, may lead to increased levels of clacium ions in the blood?
Inability of the pancreas to produce insulin will result in
Which of the following hormones is resposible for body metabolism?
A hormone that can lower blood levels of glucose is...
The posterior pituitary gland secretes...
ADH (antidiuretic hormone)
The alpha cells of the pancreas produce...
The effect of FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) on the ovary will result in production of large quantities of...
The pituitary hormone that stimulates the release of thyroid hormone from the thyroid gland is...
TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone)
The pituitary hormone that stimulates the release of mineralcorticoids from the adrenal cortex is...
ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone)
The pituitary hormone that promotes egg development in the ovaries and sperm development in the testes is...
FSH (follicle stimulating hormone)
Hormones that control the male and female reporductive organs are collectively called _____________.
The outer portion of the adrenal gland is the adrenal _____________.
The thyroid gland is composed of many _____________ that produce and store thyroid hormone.
The adrenal gland is situated along the superior border of the _____________.
The hypothalamus secretes oxytocin, which is stored in the _____________ _____________.
The gland responsible for establishing daily circadian rhythms is known as the _____________ gland.
Another name for the pituitary gland is the _____________.
The inner portion the adrenal gland is the _____________ _____________.
The thymus gland is located in the _____________.
The pancreas secretes insulin and _____________.
Calcitonin is produced by the _____________ gland.
Antidiuretic hormone is also called _____________.
Parathyroid hormone increases blood levels of _____________ ions.
erythropoietin is produced by the _____________.
Insulin works in a manner opposite of _____________.
The pineal gland secretes the hormone _____________ in response to light conditions in the external environment .
The _____________ secretes hormones called thymosins, affecting production and differentiation of lymphocytes.
The _____________ controls the stress response ( general adaptaion syndrome).
The inner adrenal cortex produces _____________ hormones.
Steroid hormones are insoluble in lipids.
False - insoluble in the water
Prostaglandins are made from arachidonic acid in cell membranes of the kidneys, heart, liver, lungs, pancreas, and reproductive organs.
The anterior pituitary gland is also called the adenohypophysis.
During sleep and strenuous exercise, blood levels of growth hormone are at their highest.
ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone) is secreted from the adrenal cortex.
FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) and LH (luetenizing hormone) affecting the urninary organs regulate the water concentrations of body fluids.
False - ADH (antidiuretic hormone)
PRL (Prolactin) and OT (oxytocin) are released from the anterior pituitary gland.
False - Posterior pituitary gland
Calcitonin is a hormone that regulates and decreses blood calcium and phosphate ions.
The adrenal medulla secretes epinephrine.
The pineal gland secretes the hormone melatonin.