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48 terms

Chapter 11: Endocrine System

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When blood glucose levels decrease
glucagon is released
The adrenal cortex produce which of the following hormones?
Aldosterone
Which of these hormones is released by the thyroid gland?
Calcitonin
Increased numbers of red blood cells will result from increases in the hormone known as
Erythropoietin
Which of the following hormones is essential for maintenance of the immune system?
Thymosin
Which of the following hormones regulates the sodium ion concentration of the blood?
Aldosterone
The pituitary hormone that stimulates the mammary glands to prode milk is...
PRL (Prolactin)
The pituitary hormone that stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce cortisol is...
ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone)
The pituitary hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroxin is...
TSH (Thyroid-stimulating hormone)
Which of the following hormones, if elevated, may lead to increased levels of clacium ions in the blood?
Parathyroid hormone
Inability of the pancreas to produce insulin will result in
diabetes mellitus
Which of the following hormones is resposible for body metabolism?
Thyroxin
A hormone that can lower blood levels of glucose is...
insulin
The posterior pituitary gland secretes...
ADH (antidiuretic hormone)
The alpha cells of the pancreas produce...
glucagon
The effect of FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) on the ovary will result in production of large quantities of...
estrogen
The pituitary hormone that stimulates the release of thyroid hormone from the thyroid gland is...
TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone)
The pituitary hormone that stimulates the release of mineralcorticoids from the adrenal cortex is...
ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone)
The pituitary hormone that promotes egg development in the ovaries and sperm development in the testes is...
FSH (follicle stimulating hormone)
Hormones that control the male and female reporductive organs are collectively called _____________.
gonadotropins
The outer portion of the adrenal gland is the adrenal _____________.
cortex
The thyroid gland is composed of many _____________ that produce and store thyroid hormone.
follicles
The adrenal gland is situated along the superior border of the _____________.
kidney
The hypothalamus secretes oxytocin, which is stored in the _____________ _____________.
posterior pituitary
The gland responsible for establishing daily circadian rhythms is known as the _____________ gland.
pineal
Another name for the pituitary gland is the _____________.
hypophysis
The inner portion the adrenal gland is the _____________ _____________.
Adrenal medulla
The thymus gland is located in the _____________.
mediastinum
The pancreas secretes insulin and _____________.
glucagon
Calcitonin is produced by the _____________ gland.
thyroid
Antidiuretic hormone is also called _____________.
vasopressin
Parathyroid hormone increases blood levels of _____________ ions.
calcium
erythropoietin is produced by the _____________.
kidneys
Insulin works in a manner opposite of _____________.
glucagon
The pineal gland secretes the hormone _____________ in response to light conditions in the external environment .
melatonin
The _____________ secretes hormones called thymosins, affecting production and differentiation of lymphocytes.
thymus
The _____________ controls the stress response ( general adaptaion syndrome).
hypothalamus
The inner adrenal cortex produces _____________ hormones.
sex
Steroid hormones are insoluble in lipids.
False - insoluble in the water
Prostaglandins are made from arachidonic acid in cell membranes of the kidneys, heart, liver, lungs, pancreas, and reproductive organs.
True
The anterior pituitary gland is also called the adenohypophysis.
True
During sleep and strenuous exercise, blood levels of growth hormone are at their highest.
True
ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone) is secreted from the adrenal cortex.
False
FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) and LH (luetenizing hormone) affecting the urninary organs regulate the water concentrations of body fluids.
False - ADH (antidiuretic hormone)
PRL (Prolactin) and OT (oxytocin) are released from the anterior pituitary gland.
False - Posterior pituitary gland
Calcitonin is a hormone that regulates and decreses blood calcium and phosphate ions.
True
The adrenal medulla secretes epinephrine.
True
The pineal gland secretes the hormone melatonin.
True